The dwarf chain loach, scientific name Ambastaia sidthimunki is an eye-catching freshwater fish with a vigorous personality. Considered semi-aggressive, these fish could be a handful to care for.
Dwarf Chain Loach Ambastaia sidthimunki profile
With the best environment and tank mates, they may thrive in captivity. In this article, I am going to talk about Dwarf Chain Loach eat snails, tank size, care, size, tank mates, and shrimp, lifespan, breeding, etc.
This species is indigenous to Thailand and the encompassing areas. Sadly, wild populations of the dwarf chain loach are on a steady decline.
It is a nationally protected species with wild conservation efforts in place. Because of this, practically all the dwarf chain loaches you see within the fish commerce are commercially bred.
Even nonetheless, captive-bred fish include all the beauty and perspective of their wild counterparts.
Their protected species standing is another reason why it’s necessary to purchase from reliable sellers. You don’t wish to unknowingly contribute to the issue!
Dwarf Chain Loach Look
Dwarf chain loaches have all of the signature physical options of fish within the loach family. This contains the rounded head, underturned mouth, and thick cylindrical body.
This particular species is sporting 4 pairs of barbels that protrude from the mouth. These barbels play an important function within the fish’s scavenging endeavors.
Relating to coloration and pattern, dwarf chain loaches are very simple to differentiate from different species.
Most specimens have a base coloration of silver or gold. The bottom half is normally utterly silver whereas soft gold adorns the head and back.
Protecting that base coloration on the highest of this fish is a series of black bars. These bars have a singular checker-like pattern.
When considered as a whole, it appears to be like like the black bars have round cutouts. That is the place these fish get their frequent title.
The black bars of the fish extends all the way through the fish’s body. They meet up on the level of the snout.
Bodily variations between female and male dwarf chain loaches are minor. Females are typically slightly larger than males, however not by a lot. Males even have pointier snouts and fleshier lips.
Dwarf Chain Loach Size
The typical dwarf chain loach size is around 2 inches in size when totally grown. Some specimens will develop closer to 2.5 inches, which is that this species’ maximum size.
This measurement affords you quite a lot of flexibility when it comes to the size of their aquarium.
Most youthful specimens you see within the store are barely an inch long, which implies they possible won’t get a lot bigger
Dwarf Chain Loach Lifespan
Whereas many dwarf fish species have short lifespans, this species is comparatively long-lived.
In a well-maintained habitat, the typical dwarf chain loach lifespan is someplace between 8 and 12 years. Some have been reported to dwell for so long as 15 years!
As at all times, there’s no approach to assure a fish’s life expectancy. Genetics and luck come into play, however so does high-quality husbandry!
To make sure that your fish lives so long as potential, you should preserve their tank and supply the best care possible.
Dwarf Chain Loach Care
Dwarf chain loach care is greatest suited for aquarists with some experience caring for semi-aggressive fish.
This species has some distinctive care necessities that you just can’t ignore. They require a finely tuned atmosphere in addition to balanced meals to remain healthy.
Below are a few of the most necessary care necessities you want to pay attention to.
Dwarf Chain Loach Tank Size
You don’t want a large tank measurement for the dwarf chain loach. A reasonably sized aquarium of not less than 30 gallons will just do fine.
This assumes you’re keeping a small group in the same aquarium. If you wish to play it protected, try to go as much as 40 gallons.
This species may be very lively, so extra space within the tank is at all times greatest.
Plus, a bigger tank will help you hold extra dwarf chain loaches, which may finally assist stave off aggressive tendencies.
One of many keys to conserving dwarf chain loaches glad and healthy is to replicate their natural environment as carefully as potential.
Whereas the decor is necessary, water parameters are what you need to take note of essentially the most.
Within the wild, these freshwater fish inhabit streams with loads of motion. The water is evident and well-oxygenated.
Nonetheless, decaying plant matter on the backside gives a tinge of acidity. Dwarf chain loaches can adapt to a large temperature vary, however, consistency is essential.
Listed here are the water parameters you’ll be able to observe to mimic these natural conditions:
Water temperature: 68°F to 86°F (somewhere between 75 and 82 degrees is good)
pH ranges: 6.0 to 7.5
Water hardness: 8 to 12 dKH
It’s at all times good to put money into the correct water take a look at equipment so you may get an accurate learn on the state of your tank.
Take a look at more often after you’ve simply bought these fish, and cut back the variety of checks as soon as you know the water circumstances are steady.
Dwarf Chain Loach Tank care
Dwarf chain loaches do greatest in tanks that provide a litany of hiding places. These fish choose the safety of confined areas, and that is very true when resting.
Make the most of rocks, caves, and driftwood to create a community of protected hiding spots. Make sure that all holes or crevices are giant sufficient for the fish to get out. Additionally, double again and clean out any tough edges to keep away from harm.
Follow robust vegetation like anubias, java fern, or moneywort. Dwarf chain loaches do have a penchant for consuming softer vegetation, however, they usually ignore well-established strong vegetation.
On your substrate, you need to use high-quality sand affected by clean pebbles. These are bottom-feeder fish, so keep away from any hard gravel that might injure their stomach as they scavenge for meals.
Don’t overlook to create a reasonable present as nicely. You should utilize the outlet out of your filtration system or a devoted water pump. The present doesn’t must be super robust, however, some regular and constant motion is crucial.
In poor residing circumstances, dwarf chain loaches can undergo a number of totally different diseases. Fortunately, most of them are completely avoidable.
Control water circumstances and verify for ammonia and nitrate ranges usually. If the water parameters are off, your fish can undergo stress. It will solely put them at the next threat for ailments like Ich.
Ich is a parasitic illness that simply spreads to different fish. You’ll be able to identify it via the white lesions that kind on the fish’s pores and skin.
Dwarf chain loaches are additionally vulnerable to flukes and worms. They’ll leach vitamins from the fish, leading to one thing aquarists name “skinny illness.” Parasites trigger the fish to lose a harmful quantity of weight.
Fortunately, there are a number of over-the-counter remedies out there to handle illness. Simply quarantine your fish and apply it in accordance with the instructions.
To keep away from ailments altogether (which is at all times the very best technique), be constant about cleansing the tank usually. Carry out 30 to 50 % water modifications each week.
Dwarf Chain Loach Meals & Diet
Dwarf chain loaches require a number of small meals a day to remain wholesome. They’ve healthy appetites and sometimes spend most of their time trying to find food within the tank.
Omnivores by nature, dwarf chain loaches will settle for most meals of their food plan.
Adults could be a bit pickier as they get older, so you might have to attempt different meals sources to search out one which your fish enjoys.
A primary food plan of dry pellets or flakes works simply high quality as their base.
You’ll be able to throw in protein-rich snacks each from time to time, too. Bloodworms, brine shrimp, Daphnia, and tubifex are all good decisions. The fish may also eat some recent fruit and veggies.
Dwarf Chain Loach Behavior & Temperament
The most important problem you’re going to face with dwarf chain loaches is aggressive habits. These fish aren’t too keen on different fish outside of their species. Even inside their very own species, combating can happen.
Dwarf chain loaches develop a social hierarchy inside a gaggle. So, you might see some challenges to authority each from time to time.
These fish do like to stay collectively, however they’re not an education species. They’ll go off and do their own thing. A bigger group can limit aggression.
Hold not less than half a dozen collectively, however, a group of more than 10 is even better.
You might witness aggressive behaviors in opposition to equally sized fish and smaller inverts. This species will usually kill and eat pest snails, which may be useful to maintain snail populations low.
However, they may also assault and hassle different snails and shrimp, so you might wish to keep away from adding them to the tank.
Dwarf Chain Loach Tank Mates
As a consequence of their semi-aggressive nature, docile fish will not be good tank mates for the dwarf chain loach. You should hold them with other semi-aggressive species that may defend themselves.
Including weaker freshwater fish to the tank will solely flip them into targets.
Sometimes, the very best technique is to stay to species that occupy different components of the water column.
Dwarf chain loaches keep on the bottom, so you can keep away from squabbles if the fish not often encounter each other.
Try these fish for potential tank mates:
Black Skirt Tetra
Silver Dollar Fish
Ensure you don’t keep dwarf chain loaches with snails or shrimp. This species will search these little critters out and eat them!
Whereas dwarf chain loaches are commercially bred, getting your fish to spawn in a home aquarium will not be currently potential.
Commercial breeders make the most of hormones to stimulate breeding. They want to do that as a result of within the wild, the fish are migratory spawners. That signifies that they transfer to totally different water conditions to put eggs.