The Little tunny, scientific name Euthynnus alletteratus is the most common tuna in the Atlantic Ocean. It is found in the warm equatorial and tropical waters of the Atlantic and Mediterranean; In the West Atlantic, it is in the states of Brazil to New England.
Little tunny is regularly found in offshore and coastal waters and is classified by UNCLOS as a highly regarded species. Occurred in the big school and weighed 36 pounds, this is one of the younger members of the Tuna family (scumbridi).
Commonly called Bonita, fake albacore, or Little tunny, it is analogous to the species of Atlantic bonito, skipjack tuna, and mackerel.
The little pony basically feeds on pelagic fish. It is best identified by the dark spots between its pectoral and ventral fins and the “worm-like” marks on its back.
Commercially, the fish is used as a top for sharks and marlin because of the high oil content and hook hold.
Many consider this to be a trash fish because it is darker than other tuna and has a stronger taste.
However, the slight tune is commercially important in many places, including the West Indies.
It is marketed as fresh, dried, canned, smoked, and frozen. Line 8 km / h (5 miles per hour) runs and is seen as a sport fish due to its strong strength.
Trolling with greed near the reefs, it can be caught on the hook and line.
Little tunny is smaller in body size than other tuna species. It has a compact and flowing body that is built to facilitate the explosion of motion, as well as having endurance when swimming. Its torpedo-shaped, powerful body makes for a powerful swimmer.
It has a large face with curved jaws and a slightly elongated lower jaw, with small, internally curved, conical-shaped teeth in single rows in palatines.
The tooth is absent in the vomit, there is a small bone on the roof of the mouth and two longitudinal edges on the tongue.
The snout has a dorsal fin with 10 to 15 long, landing spines shorter than the rest of the head, as well as a much smaller second dorsal fin after eight finlets. Initially, the two surface fins were separated by a small intersection.
The anal fin contains 11 to 15 slightly defined rays, followed by seven finlets. The pastoral fins are short and do not reach the edge of the front-page fin and are joined to the pelvic fin by intrapelvic processes. The first arch contains 37-45 gill racers, with bone estimates without gills.
Without the lateral line and the corslet, there is no scale on the body of the small tension: a thick band of fibers rotating around the body.
The color of the little tunic is usually dark, avy-brown. Along with a line of metallic blue or blue-green. These “worm-like” lines are within a well-defined border that never extends beyond the middle of the front page fin.
The abdomen is three to seven dark, bright white with fingerprints and fingerprints around the pelvis.
Because of its color, the Little tunny is commonly confused with the Atlantic bonito, but the two fish are different in their color patterns and overall body size.
The markings of the Little tunny allow it to easily distinguish it from similar species. It is often confused with Skipjack tuna, frigate tuna, Atlantic bonito, and bullet tuna. The closest ones include kawakawa and black skipjacks.
Dark, fingerprint-like spots in the pectoral and pelvic fins are not found with any Atlantic species.
The first dorsal fin of the Atlantic Bonito is also low and slow. Because it does not have teeth on the vomer, it can separate from the nearby Pacific kawakawa and black skipjack.
The dorsal fin of the bullet and frigate mackerel are separated. Unlike the Little tunny, the skipjack tuna lacks the mark on the back and has a wide, straight stripe on the bottom.
The Little tunny reaches 12 kg (26 lbs) in maximum weight in the Mediterranean, and on average it weighs about 7 kg (15 lb) over the entire range.
Its maximum fork length (distance from the tail fork) in the Mediterranean is about 100 cm (39 inches) and about 90 cm (35 inches) in the Atlantic.
The average thorn length of adult fish found throughout the range is about 85 cm (33 inches). Some fish can reach 100 centimeters (39 inches) or more, but in most cases, they are about 64 centimeters (25 inches).
The largest tune on the record is 120cm (47 inches) and 17kg (37 pounds). Females reach sexual maturity at 2 to 5 cm (3-5 inches) in length, while males mature at about 3 cm (6 inches).
In coastal waters off the eastern seaboard of North America, feed on slightly nicely cartilage and small fish and invertebrates that occur primarily in school. Its diet contains most fish; It especially likes the Atlantic Biggie and Large head hairstyles.
In the second place of the fish, the little pony adopts the crustacean, and eventually, the cephalopods and gastropods make up a small portion of his diet.
Sardines, squads, and anchovies are common in diets with squid, stomatopods, and organisms from the Diazinidae family. The fish diet is also comparable in size. A small fish diet usually contains clupioform and larvae, but large fish mostly eat Myrillicus muleri.
The typical diet is very similar to King Mackerel because the fish are the same size and live in the same area of the water column.
It is mostly eaten in pelagic fish. The little tunny is the opportunistic predators, feeding on crustaceans, clopid fish, squid, and tunicates. Its diet responds to changes in food availability. It has a nocturnal feeding habit and is an expert feeder.
It often feeds on herring and sardines in coastal waters near the surface of the water. Little tunny usually feeds in large schools because their primary food source (larval form of small fish and crustaceans) is usually in school.
Distribution and Accommodation
The slightest tune is found in the nerve waters of the equatorial and tropical regions of the Atlantic Ocean. It is also found in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea waters.
A small stretch of the eastern Atlantic has been found from Skagrek to South Africa. Although it has found this wide range of latitudes, it is rare in the north of the Iberian Peninsula or further south than Brazil.
On the Atlantic coast of the United States, they can be caught across the waters of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and south to the tip of Florida, as well as the Gulf of Mexico. The habitat of the little tunny is closer to the bank of the river than the other tuna. These are in the vicinity of the inlet, point, jetty, and sandbar.
In all of these places, baitfish like sardines and menhaden, both small schools of favorite Little tunny, make large schools, which are very helpful in the feeding style of the little tunny.
Although the little gray is abundant in the coastal waters, it is unusual to find it in the brackish waters of the estuaries.
Very young youths will enter South Africa. Little Tunny prefers warm water from 24 degrees to 30 degrees Celsius. The small tension moves south in the winter and fall, and in the spring through the coastal waters, moving north. It does not look like other tuna species.
The little pony is a typical school species. It primarily lives in schools based on the size of the fish rather than the species, so other members of the family Scumbridi family such as the Atlantic Bonito may be present.
These schools cover an area of about 3.2 km long. Little Tony who has not yet reached puberty tight schools is offshore. Larger schools are more offshore where smaller groups can travel further along the coast.
At least 25 degrees centigrade (77 degrees Fahrenheit) water is slightly gray in the Atlantic Ocean during April. In the Mediterranean, the slight tonal spawning season is usually between May and September, but the most intense spawning occurs between July and August.
The major spawning areas are offshore, 30 to 40 m deep in water. Females are a large quantity of fish, and during the mating season, more than 1.75 million eggs can be released in multiple skulls.
Eggs are fertilized in the column of water after the semen is discharged by the males, the sized eggs are bent, round, transparent and pelagic.
A boiled oil in the egg boosts its ejaculation. Eggs can be anywhere from 0.8mm to 1.1mm in diameter and are light amber.
The larvae are released 24 hours after fertilization and are approximately 3 mm in size. The pigmentation from the eyes appears 48 hours after hatching.
Teeth and fins develop in sizes 3.7–14 mm. Once the larvae grow from 14 mm to 174 mm long, they adopt the adult appearance.
The body is even longer. Studies have shown that it takes about 3 years for young gonads to reach sexual maturity. The average size of a sexually mature person is 38 cm (15 inches) in length.
Like many coastal gamefish such as the bluefish and the striped bass, the schools of Little tunny are usually characterized by the swarm of birds sinking in coastal waters, with the targeted fishermen targeting them, often floating tops, cast loaves, and fish.
When trolling for Little Tunny, fishermen often use small letters in mullets or sandals or colored feather dresses. The popular tops when it comes to floating fishing are spot, bluefish, or pinfish.
Popular attractions include deadly dicks, Maria jigs, and other narrowly-profiled, bright-colored metallic greed that can be recovered far and fast, mimicking the Little tunny fish that are often consumed.
It is not uncommon for small fish to be caught inshore fishing along the east coast of the United States, especially in late summer when the water near the beach is usually clear and easy to fish.
Some anglers are a little surreal to catch other species for strip tops, but most fish are left out because Little Tony is not usually thought of as a food fish.
There is very little control of fisheries here, no size or bag limit, and no offseason. Little Tony’s meat is thicker in texture, stronger in taste, and darker when compared to bluefin or yellowfin tuna.
When preparing Little Toni for serving, there should be several ways to eat Little tunny, the tuna salad, as it should be bleached as soon as possible after being caught.
To do this, the fillets are first baked, then chilled and flaked, then mixed with salads. Removing dark stripes of meat that naturally extend the length of each blade helps reduce the taste of the fish.
Another way to prepare Little Tony is to first bleach it, barbecue the foil, remove the meat from the bone and then let it cool overnight.
Different seasonings can be used to enhance the taste. Fresh sticks can be quite good when cooked with salt, pepper, and lemon, and thin slices make a good shakimi. It is commonly eaten in Japan.
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