Synodontis are a part of the Mochokidae catfish family, extra generally often known as the ‘bare catfishes’, since they have got a scarcity of body armor or conventional scales.
This article will give an overview of Synodontis Catfish fish size, for sale, care, max size, food, species, tank size, breeding, full size, and price.
Synodontis Catfish profile
Synodontis Catfish usually have fairly robust and spiny dorsal and pectoral fins, and three pairs of barbells, used for scavenging amongst the substrate and navigating environment.
Originating in African waters, Synodontis Catfish differ significantly in measurement, with nearly all of the aquarium species reaching 10-30cm (4-12″), while some can attain as much as 60cm or extra.
Nearly all Synodontis Catfish are nocturnal or twilight feeders and can spend a lot of the day hidden away in most well-liked hiding spots beneath items of wooden or decor.
The vary of various species obtainable is massive, and plenty of Synodontis Catfish sport engaging markings, though these usually fade with age.
Synodontis Catfish originate from the continent of Africa from the sub-Saharan rivers and rift lakes. There are over 120 recognized species, ranging in measurement from simply a few inches to over a foot in size.
They’re strong in construct with prevalent dorsal and pectoral fins in addition to massive adipose fins (between the dorsal and the tail).
Giant eyes and three units of barbels (whiskers) are additionally distinguishing traits. Synodontis Catfish are additionally scaleless.
They’re energetic and attention-grabbing to look at as soon as comfy, swimming at unusual angles (the upside-down catfish could also be the most effective recognized for these habits).
Synodontis Catfish are additionally known as squeaker cats, named for his or her potential to create a squeaking noise with their pectoral fins after they’re alarmed.
Synodontis Catfish are straightforward to keep up as they readily settle for nearly any number of meals supplied, greedily perusing the tank ground for something edible. So long as the water’s high quality is maintained they have an inclination to thrive.
They like some cowl, resembling caves or wooden the place they’ll hang around and really feel safe, and like different cats, they are typically probably the most energetic within the night.
Although they are often saved singly, they like to be in teams and infrequently congregate in their native habitats.
They aren’t usually aggressive, however, bigger specimens shouldn’t be trusted with smaller fish within the tank as they could mistake them for meals.
They are often housed with a wide range of tank mates that share water high-quality preferences, however, they shouldn’t be housed with bigger aggressive or predatory fish.
Since many of those fish come from the rift lakes in Africa they’re usually beneficial as scavengers for African cichlid aquariums.
They like the marginally more durable water and a better pH so that they adapt effectively to a rift lake aquarium.
River species just like the water just a little softer and might deal with decrease pH. You’ll want to analyze the preferences of the species you want earlier than buy, noting origin and most well-liked water circumstances in addition to grownup measurement to make sure that cat will probably be a very good match in your tank.
Whereas Synos are typically hardy, poor water circumstances could cause their health to say no shortly, so common water modifications are important.
There are only some species of Synodontis Catfish regularly supplied for the aquarium commerce.
Restricted availability and restricted assortment mean most of those are a bit costlier than most Asian and South American species.
Some species are being bred in captivity by wholesalers and devoted hobbyists, however not on a big scale. Synodontis petricola, Synodontis flavitaeniata, and Synodontis multipunctatus are just a few generally supplied as tank-bred people.
The complexities of getting captive populations to breed and elevating the fry to saleable measurement could also be accountable.
These fish require particular circumstances and/or organic indicators to spur them into breeding circumstances. Little is understood in regard to the habits of extra uncommon or obscure species.
Synodontis Catfish are usually peaceable fish, however, they will also be territorial so squabbles between people are frequent.
Offering there are many hiding spots obtainable, the occasional squabble is nothing to fret about.
Most species are at the very least partly nocturnal so will probably be extra energetic within the night and in the evening, when they’ll come out to feed and discover the aquarium for meal objects.
Through the day, Synodontis Catfish may be reclusive and should spend a lot of their time hiding, though this varies between people and well-settled fish are prone to be extra assured.
All Synodontis Catfish have good characters, together with the upside-down catfishes, which have the weird behavior of swimming or resting in the wrong way up to place beneath bogwood or massive leaves.
Mixing with different fish
Synodontis Catfish are usually hardy and adaptable and may be blended with strong fish, and a few aggressive or territorial species.
They’re a very frequent addition to African lake cichlid aquaria, the place their scavenging habits assist to fire up among the particles created by messy fish or extremely stocked communities.
Since they’ll attain cheap sizes, they shouldn’t be blended with very small fish, which is able to turn out to be straightforward to feed upon in the evening.
Cichlids, barbs, rainbowfish, and different strong fishes are excellent tank mates; solely the smaller species of Synodontis Catfish needs to be saved on the whole group aquariums.
When you occur to be an aquarist fortunate sufficient to have Synos breed within the tank, look ahead to a few of their attention-grabbing breeding behaviors.
In some species, spawning is incited when mouthbrooding cichlids within the tank spawn.
The opportunistic cats swoop into the nesting space, eat among the cichlid eggs and change them with their very own, leaving the cichlids to brood the eggs and nurture the fry.
Syno fry is likely to hatch out quicker than cichlids, and the brand new fry dines unhatched cichlid eggs and new fry (even their siblings if obligatory) earlier than being launched to fend for themselves.
Captive breeding normally requires using hormones, whether or not emitted naturally into their setting or in any other case to get the method began.
Cautious hand-rearing from gathering and sustaining the eggs and feeding and in any other case sustaining the fry till they’re of viable measurement should observe.
Synodontis Catfish Aquarium Requirements
Synodontis Catfish come from a spread of water circumstances in nature, with some originating from the laborious water African lakes while others could dwell in softer, vegetated waters.
Within the aquarium most Synodontis Catfish species are extremely adaptable and are prone to be saved in native water circumstances by retailers, so offering your water will not be excessive of laborious, or smooth, there need to be no issues with common water circumstances.
Good filtration is crucial nonetheless, since these fish are used to effectively oxygenated, clear waters within the wild.
Exterior filtration, common water modifications, and loads of circulation are finest for bigger fish, while small synodontis will suffice with good inside filtration.
Excessive nitrates or a construct up of particles could cause health issues and harm to the barbells.
Because the fish are scavengers and have delicate barbells, the substrate shouldn’t have any sharp components; rounded pea gravel or sandy substrates are excellent.
Crops will probably be used as hiding spots though among the bigger species may be damaging and should harm delicate vegetation.
The darkish, cave-like hiding locations are essential and need to be simply obtainable, if the fish are compelled to dwell out within the open they could turn out to be timid, confused, and unhealthy.
As nocturnal species, an excessive amount of vivid gentle will probably be detrimental, so once more hiding spots and subdued or shaded areas need to be offered.
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Synodontis Catfish Feeding
Some Synodontis Catfish will study to take floating pellet meals from the floor while others will have to be eaten up sinking meals, which needs to be given in direction of the night when the fish are most energetic.
Dried meals like sinking pellets, wafers, or granules are vital since they include loads of nutritional vitamins, however, Synodontis Catfish can even take pleasure in feeding on dwell or frozen meals resembling bloodworm, brine shrimp, glasswork, and blended meals.
You may also feed some synodontis on contemporary greens resembling items of lettuce, cucumber, or peas.
While fish take pleasure in meals like this, they usually may also help to keep up good well-being, at the very least half of their weight loss program ought to all the time be made up of proprietary meals.
Synodontis HybridIn the latest years, hybrid synos have permeated commerce. The choice to buy and preserve hybrids is a private one.
Purists scoff at these blended pool fish and people who breed them, however, the hybrids are sometimes engaging, if not for his or her coloration for his or her cheap price ticket.
In industrial breeding services, until the fish are remoted by species hybrids can simply happen.
The need for devoted hobbyists normally lies with preserving species pure to hold on to the true genetic traits of stated species for future generations.
Some hybrids present distinctive traits that set them aside from purebreds in very apparent methods, whereas others could present solely minute variations that may solely be noticed by the sharpest eye.
These variations normally manifest in coloration, markings, or different anatomical variations. Whether or not you approve of hybrids or not, it pays to know the place to search for these variations if for no different purpose to ensure that should you’re in search of a purebred fish, you understand you’re getting what you’re paying for.