Snakehead Murrel – Profile | Food | Nutrition | Farming | Traits

Snakehead Murrel
(Last Updated On: April 14, 2021)

Snakehead Murrel fish is one of the freshwaters and engaging fish in India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, farming of snakehead Murrel has important significance in India. Murrels additionally cultured in the Philippines, Taiwan & Thailand.

This article will give an overview of Snakehead Murrel

Snakehead Murrel profile

Murrel fish additionally referred to as snake-head fish. Murrel fish belongs to the family of “Channidae”.

There are lots of claims on the net that the consumption of this sort of fishes may assist in treating illnesses comparable to bronchial asthma, coronary heart illness, diabetes, and lots of others. Nevertheless, these results will not be particular for this fish however slightly it’s shred amongst many others.

It is superb served with scrambled eggs. One benefit of cooking snakeheads for breakfast over different varieties of fish is the kitchen does not scent fishy when breakfast is served. Snakeheads do not have a fishy scent or style, even when it is cooked.

Channa striata, the striped snakehead, is a species of snakehead fish. It’s also generally known as the frequent snakehead, chevron snakehead, or snakehead murrel and customarily referred merely as mudfish. It’s native to South and Southeast Asia and has been launched to some Pacific Islands (studies from Madagascar and Hawaii are misidentifications of C. maculata).
Snakehead Murrel
Murrel can also be referred to as snakehead because it appears like a snake. Murrel is valued and fetches a better market value particularly in Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Indian all states, like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana attributable to its eminent vitamin and medicinal worth.

Hardy nature and skill stand up to longer day trip of water add larger worth to Murrels out there. Specialized commerce involving reside fishes can also be practiced in India.

Murrel is, without doubt, one of the indigenous air respiration fish; there’s a suprabranchial accent respiratory organ within the Snakehead Murrel head. Murrels may even survive in decrease dissolved oxygen ranges.

A very powerful aquaculture species of Snakehead Murrelin India is the striped murrel (Channa striata), the good snakehead murrel (Channa marulius), and the noticed snakehead (Channa punctata). The traditional know-how is standardized just for striped murrel.

Snakehead Murrel


Snakehead Murrel grows as much as a meter in size, although due to fishing, this dimension isn’t discovered within the wild.

It has a wide vary overlaying southern China, Pakistan, most of India, southern Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and most of Southeast Asia.

It has extra lately been launched to the outermost components of Indonesia, the Philippines, and Mauritius.

Studies starting within the early 20th century that it was launched into the wild in Hawaii, notably the island of Oahu, in addition to later studies from Madagascar, are the results of misidentifications of C. maculata.

The one at the moment confirmed the Hawaiian institution of C. striata is on an industrial fish farm. Fashionable media and America Fish and Wildlife Service had been perpetuating this obvious mistake as lately as 2002.

Early- to mid-20th century studies and texts referring to its introduction in California look like the results of a misunderstanding.

It is a vital meal fish in its complete native vary and is of appreciable financial significance. Adults are darkish brown in color with faint black bands seen throughout their complete bodies.

Women and men each assist to assemble a nest out of water vegetation throughout breeding time. Eggs are guarded by each dad and mom.

Fry are reddish-orange and are guarded by each dad and mom till they flip greenish brown at round 5–6 cm.

Snakehead Murrel

It is not uncommon in freshwater plains, the place it migrates from rivers and lakes into flooded fields, returning to the everlasting water our bodies within the dry season, the place it survives by burrowing within the mud.

It preys on frogs, water bugs, and smaller fish, and it’ll assault something transferring when breeding.


In striped murrel, spontaneous and induced breeding is practiced.

Pure breeding

Fish seed in pure spawning is produced by offering a pure atmosphere by way of using aquatic weeds. The brood fish’s dimension of 100 – 250 g is stocked in a shallow water depth small dimension pond.

The synchronized motion of brood fishes happens after the month of March. They construct a nest using aquatic weed and lay eggs within the shallow water space of the pond.

The eggs are collected from the pond and are reared within the hatchery. This breeding technique has a poor breeding response ie. about 20 – 30 %.

Induced breeding

The breeding happens twice a yr (southwest and northeast monsoon), completely within the wet season.

A water depth of 40 – 80 cm is most well-liked for a spawning tank. The aquatic weed (water hyacinth) ought to cowl one-fifth of the breeding pool, which stimulates the spawning. The really helpful temperature for spawning is about 25 to 28 degrees C.

The requisite administered dose of HCG is about 2000 IU/kg of physique weight for the feminine and for males 1500 IU/kg of physique weight.

A poor breeding response is noticed when HGC is used when in comparison with the extract of carp pituitary.

The specified dose of carp pituitary extract is 20 – 30 mg/kg and 30 – 40 mg/kg of physique weight for female and male fish respectively. The injection is given by intramuscular technique (on the base of the pectoral fin).

Fishes have uncommon spawning characters and chasing happens. The spawning normally takes 16 – 18 hrs. A 1 kg feminine fish releases about 10000 – 15000 eggs. The eggs are a free-floating, spherical, non-adhesive, and brilliant yellow color.

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The fertilized eggs are clear and unfertilized eggs are opaque. Fertilized egg dimension diameter ranges from 1.2 – 1.5 mm.

The fertilized eggs are collected through the use of the plankton internet and are shifted to the FRP container for hatching. Hatching time takes between 20 – 24 hrs.

The fertilization charge is about 80 – 98 % and the typical hatchling charge is 70 – 90 %. The newly hatched larvae dimension varies between 3.0 – 3.5 mm.

Additionally, an improved charge of fertilization and hatch charge is seen in carp pituitary extract than the HCG.

Immune system

Worldwide inland fish tradition business is affected by large financial losses attributable to epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) and fish-based pathogens.

The accessible literature points out that an infection from fish pathogens like microorganism (Aeromonas hydrophila and Aeromonas sobria), fungi (Aphanomyces invadans) and viruses could cause stunted development and extreme mortality within the C. striatus.

Channa striatus depend on their innate immune parts to battle in opposition to these infections. Among the immune molecules which were characterised in Channa striatus consists of Chemokine, Chemokine receptors, Thioredoxin, Superoxide dismutase, Serine Protease, Cathepsin, Lectin.



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