Blue Gourami Fish – Profile | Care | Breeding | Tank

blue gourami fish
(Last Updated On: April 14, 2021)

The Blue Gourami is often known as the Three-Spot Gourami fish. This gourami is a slightly peaceful fish that could be very comical to observe as a juvenile. In this article, I am going to discuss blue gourami fish.

Blue Gourami Fish profile

The Blue Gourami, the scientific name Trichogaster Trichopterus, often known as the Three Spot Gourami is widespread unique fish that originates from Southeast Asia and the northern island of Australia.

Blue Gurami reveals a particular respiratory system. It lives in poor waters in oxygen, swamps, and in areas cultivated with rice, and has developed a particular respiratory system known as the labyrinth.

This can be an extremely vascularized organ, made up of bone blades, which permit the assimilation of atmospheric air along with the gills.

This adaptation in a tough, oxygen-poor surrounding additionally resulted in distinct copy conduct – the construction of a bubble nest floating on the floor of the water to supply the oxygen wanted for the eggs.

It’s price mentioning that Trichogaster trichopterus is similar to Trichogaster leeri: the oval physique, elongated and barely flattened laterally.

The anal fin begins from the gills and reaches the caudal peduncle. The pectoral fins are filiform, skinny, elongated, and are decreased to some “strands”.

They’re tactile organs that permit the fish to detect obstacles in water the place visibility is low and to seek out meals; in addition, they have a necessary function in recognizing their companion or an enemy.

The blue gourami can attain a physique size of 15 cm in aquariums, the feminine being a bit of smaller. In nature, they’ll even attain 20 cm.

General description of Blue Gourami

If the younger gourami is very lively, the mature ones are fairly lazy. Their conduct is mostly peaceable and it’s most popular that they’re saved in pairs.

Males do stand one another and the danger of the dominating one being completely chased, which can result in delays in growth and accidents.

Females will be saved collectively with no main issues, they are typically aggressive to 1 one other nevertheless it doesn’t publish any critical issues.

They’re tolerant of different species, which they usually ignore. It is a perfect fish for group tank the place it could coexist with different gourami fish if we offer sufficient houses to delimitate their territories.

The blue gourami doesn’t recognize bigger fish or small and lively ones comparable to Barbus tetrazona and Hypbessobrycon callistus which have the tendency to chunk their fins.

Blue gouramis are sedentary fish. As soon as they mature, they don’t just like the sudden modifications within the aquarium surroundings.

The identical factor occurs with the fry, which is fairly fragile until they attain a size of about 5 cm.

They will eat virtually anything from business fish meals to artemia and grindal worms.

They do require to be fed not less than twice per week with greens (inexperienced lettuce or cucumber) as a result of their digestive tract is longer than of different fish of the identical measurement.

This gourami is a slightly peaceful fish that could be very comical to observe as a juvenile.

The Blue Gourami has solely two spots, one within the middle of the physique, and a second origin of the tail. Attention is definitely the third “spot” that’s referred to within the identity.

Historically silvery blue in coloration, their colors can change considerably with their moods, in addition to throughout spawning, after they get hold of a lot deeper blue hue.

Blue Gouramis are thought of as Labyrinth Fish, which means they breathe instantly from the air and may have entry to the floor of the aquarium.

Blue gourami fish male-female difference

The easiest way to distinguish between the female and male Blue Gourami is by the dorsal fin. Within the male, the dorsal fin is lengthy and pointed, whereas the feminine’s is shorter and rounded.

When able to breed, the male builds a bubble nest after which begins to entice the feminine by swimming backward and forwards, flaring his fins, and elevating his tail.

When this conduct is observed, the water degree must be decreased to six inches. After spawning the feminine must be eliminated to a separate aquarium because the male could grow to be aggressive towards her.

The male will are likely to the eggs till they hatch, and after hatching, there must be frequent water modifications, particularly throughout the third week, as that is when the labyrinth organ is growing. The fry must be fed infusoria and nauplii.

Blue gourami fish food

The Blue Gourami is an omnivore and requires each algae-based meals in addition to meaty meals.

An algae-based flake meal, together with freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will present these fish with the right vitamin.

Blue gourami size

Size of fish – inches: 5.9 inches (15.01 cm) – They will attain nearly 6″ (15 cm), however are often a bit smaller within the aquarium.

As soon as acclimated to your tank, they are often pretty hardy and might develop to a measurement of 6 inches (15 cm).

They may breed at about 3″ (7.5 cm). Lifespan: 4 years – The common lifespan is 4 – 6 years, however with correct care they’ll reside longer.

Blue gourami fish tank mates

The Blue Gourami will probably be housed with a wide range of tank mates which are of comparable measurement and temperament.

Whereas males will be territorial with one another, they grow to be timid around different, extra aggressive fish.

The best tank set-up can be an aquarium of a minimum of 70 liters which have loads of residing vegetation in addition to rocks and driftwood to be used as hiding locations.

Aquarium and holding circumstances

Preserving this fish usually proves to be tough, due to it having a territorial character.

Most individuals are likely to preserve blue gourami in aquariums smaller than 100 liters, which isn’t really useful for the well-being of the fish.

They require aquariums which are bigger than 200 liters, the place they’ll develop and develop properly.

The peak of the water column is much less necessary. What’s to be thought of is the size and width of the aquarium.

It is strongly recommended to have not less than 1 meter lengthy and width for a pair.

The aquarium will need to have quite a lot of floor vegetation to imitate its pure habitat.

Freshwater aquarium vegetation like Ceratopteris presents shelter as a result of the fish spends more often than not within the higher part of the aquarium.

From a morphological perspective, this predisposition is seen by the mouth form, oriented upward.

They don’t want sturdy filtration, and the water jet doesn’t need to create sturdy currents on the floor of the water.

The optimum temperature is around 25 °C, and the summer season can climb easily to 30 °C.

Trichogaster trichopterus doesn’t have particular wants in terms of the standard of the water, which in its pure surroundings will be candy, impartial, acidic, or onerous.

For reproduction, nevertheless, water with values lower than 10 °GH is required to stop issues within the growth of the fry.

Blue Gourami, Trichogaster Trichopterus, Three-Spot Gourami fish

Behavior

When this behavior is observed, the water degree must be decreased to 15cm.

After spawning the feminine must be eliminated to a separate aquarium because the male could grow to be aggressive towards her.

The easiest way to distinguish between the female and male Blue Gourami is by the dorsal fin. Within the male, the dorsal fin is lengthy and pointed, whereas the females are shorter and rounded.

When able to breed, the male builds a bubble nest after which begins to entice the feminine by swimming backward and forwards, flaring his fins and elevating his tail.

The male will are likely to the eggs till they hatch, and after hatching, there must be frequent water modifications, particularly throughout the third week, as that is when the labyrinth organ is growing.

Blue gourami fish size

Size of fish – inches: 5.9 inches (15.01 cm) – They’ll attain nearly 6″ (15 cm), however are often a bit smaller within the aquarium.

They are going to breed at about 3″ (7.5 cm). Lifespan: Four years – The typical lifespan is 4 – 6 years, however with correct care they’ll reside longer.

Blue gourami tank size

Blue gourami desire tender, barely acidic water throughout the breeding season.

Younger blue gouramis want tanks no larger than 15 to 20 gallons, however, as they develop to maturity they are going to want 35 gallons.

Blue gourami full size

The species has a protracted, flattened body with massive, rounded fins in addition to a labyrinth organ that permits them to breathe air immediately. Grownup males attain as much as 5 inches in size and females are barely bigger.

Blue gourami fish price

Blue gourami fish price is between $2.50 to $7.50 depending on a number of issues, such as the size of the fish, inventory, health of the fish, seller, location, sources, breeding availability, and demand of the fish.

Blue gourami fish lifespan

Four years – The typical lifespan is 4 – 6 years, however with correct care they’ll reside longer.

Blue gourami fish eggs

As a result of gouramis are egg layers, it’s usually advisable that you simply breed them in a separate tank so your different fish do not eat the eggs earlier than they hatch.

For probably the most half, gouramis are simple to breed underneath the proper situations.

Blue gourami fish male-female difference

One of the simplest ways to distinguish between the female and male Blue Gourami is by the dorsal fin.

Within the male, the dorsal fin is lengthy and pointed, whereas the feminine’s is shorter and rounded.

Blue gourami fish changing color

It’s regular behavior for a Blue gourami fish to vary colors in keeping with their temper. When harassed or underneath intense gentle they are going to fade.

When content material, in a darkish environment, or displaying they are going to present intense color. There may even be a marked change in the coloration of juvenile male cichlids as they mature.

Blue Gourami, Trichogaster Trichopterus, Three-Spot Gourami fish

Blue gourami fish mating behavior

The male gourami begins dancing with the feminine and should begin cupping her physique together with his, wiggling as he will get near her.

When the feminine is able to launch her eggs, the male fertilizes them. After spawning, bubble-nesting species will collect up the eggs and place them within the bubble nest.

Blue gourami fish breeding

Sexual dysmorphism is straightforward to watch, however much less noticeable in younger people. The male dorsal swimmer is extra developed and sharp.

The females are quick and spherical. The feminine usually has much less accentuated coloration, and the stomach rounds because the ovarian mass develops, whereas the male stays slim.

Reproduction is comparatively straightforward. An 80l aquarium is sufficient for spawning. The couple has to be about one 12 months outdated and a physique size between 7-9 cm.

Water high quality shouldn’t be crucial, however, it’s preferable to have water that has not been filtered for a few weeks and that has a decreasing hardness.

The temperature will probably be between 25-28 °C. The aquarium has to be lined to keep up the heat and the humid environment above the water.

To keep away from partial destruction of the nest as a consequence of drops that type throughout the condensation course, it’s good to have the glass cowl at a slight angle.

Filter and aeration of the aquarium will not be obligatory, however, a small exterior filter, set at minimal, will take away the bacterial pinnacle that types on the floor of the water.

The aquarium has to be properly planted and will need to have hideouts (flower pots, coconut shells, decorations from pet retailers) for the feminine to make use of when she is overwhelmed by the male.

The male will begin forming a bubble nest on the floor of the water then place it in the long run eggs will probably be saved till hatching.

This is rather like betta fish. The breeding course consists of the male courting the feminine, seducing her, and bringing her beneath the bubble nest the place they may begin embracing.

Next, the feminine releases the eggs which the male will acquire utilizing its mouth and deposit them within the bubble nest.

The fry will hatch in about 36 hours and they’re going to keep within the bubble nest or they may connect to the aquarium wall.

At the age of three days, they may start to swim freely. It is strongly recommended to take away the male from the aquarium as a result of it might eat the younger ones, thou generally it merely ignores them, solely consuming those which are lifeless or sick.

The fry will develop quickly if they’ve sufficient house, a wealthy and different weight loss plan, and clear water, which we’ll renew about 10% every single day.

  • Breeding: Bubble nest
  • Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
  • Tank Level: All levels
  • Temperature: 74–82 degrees Fahrenheit
Blue gourami fish Specifications
Latin Name: Trichogaster trichopterus

Care Level: Easy
Water Conditions:pH 6.0-8.8 KH 4-18, 22-28° C
Color Form: Blue
Geographic Region: Malaysia, South China Sea
Temperament: Semi-Aggressive
Max Size:15 cm
Family: Belontiidae
water conditions:pH 6.0-8.8 KH 4-18, 22-28° C
Diet: Omnivore

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