Guppy Fish – Care | Food | Temperature | Breeding | Tank

Guppy Fish

Guppy fish generally often called Poecilia reticulata to belong to the Poeciliidae family. It is likely one of the commonest tropical fish and some of the popular aquarium fish.

The neatest thing concerning the guppy fish is that it’s extremely adaptable and may survive in several ecological circumstances and environments.

This is likely one of the major the reason why they are often present in virtually every continent, besides Antarctica.

There are virtually 300 types of guppy fish vary in size, tail shapes, and colours however it’s Poecilia reticulate, the common guppy, that’s going to be mentioned intimately here.

Guppy Fish Facts

Binomial name: Poecilia Reticulata
Family: Poeciliidae
Lifespan: 2-Three years
Size: 0.6-2.4”
Diet: Omnivore
Tank size: Minimum 5 gallons and above
Care level: Easy
Temperament: Peaceful


There is a big number of guppy fish. There isn’t any colour within the universe that the guppies don’t purchase. In the wild, males are available in quite a lot of colours with stripes, spots, or splashes whereas, the females are principally grey.

In the aquarium, when breeders make completely different colours mate collectively, many new brighter colours and patterns seem. Over time, quite a lot of completely different colours and varied patterns on tail and body have been noticed.

They usually have paler colours on the top and brighter colours on the rear elements of their body. Some types of guppy fish are additionally metallic.

They have iridophores that are transparent cells and reflect the light which creates an iridescent impact.

Guppies are identified to be sexually dimorphic as women and men might be differentiated by simply wanting upon them.

Males are normally shorter, between 0.6-1.4 inches whereas, females range between 1.2-2.4 inches in size.

Guppy Fish Habitat

The name of Guppy fish comes from Robert John Lechmere Guppy who discovered them in Trinidad in 1866. From there, it was taken to British Museum and named as GirardinusGuppii.

Since then, it has undergone many adjustments for its name. Today, it is named Poecilia Reticulata scientifically.

In basic, it has many different names such because the Rainbow fish and the Million fish.

It is named Rainbowfish because of the huge number of colours they exist in and Million fish on account of their wonderful breeding rate. Guppies are lively fish and have a tendency to move around virtually on a regular basis.

Another significance of Guppies is their means to eat mosquito larvae. That is why they have been launched in lots of elements of the world, particularly Asia, to control the unfold of Malaria.

Guppy Fish Species

There are over 300 species and types of Guppy fish that are primarily distinguished because of the pattern over their body or their tail form. Following are the patterns noticed over the principle body:

Cobra: vertical barring
Snakeskin: chain-like
Tuxedo: front and back half with two completely different colours

Some patterns are additionally noticed of their rear body i.e. tail. They embrace:

Grass: tiny dots
Lace: net pattern
Leopard: spots as these of leopard
Mosaic: irregular spots

The number of tail shapes embraces fan-shaped, triangular-shaped, sword-shaped, flag-shaped, spade-shaped, rounded, spear-shaped any lyretails.

Tank setup

Tank setup for Guppy fish is determined by whether or not you need to hold them for a showcase or need them to breed.

For a present tank, it’s advisable to plant the tank with quite a lot of reside vegetation, rocks, and substrates. Some of the perfect vegetation is Hornwort and Amazon Sword plant.

For a breeding tank, floating vegetation equivalent to Java Moss is preferable in order that the fry can simply cover in there. Also, some hiding locations equivalent to pots and caves must be put in.

The most necessary factor for the tank is to make sure that the water is clear and each week, 25% of water is modified with the freshwater.

Guppy Fish Aquarium Size

As guppy fish are small in size, the tank of 5-10 gallons is a brilliant match for them. It provides them with sufficient area to move right here and there with ease. Guppies principally keep within the centre or top part of the tank.

One guppy fish might be saved in a 2-gallon tank which suggests 5 might be saved in 10 gallons and 10 in 20 gallons. If you select to maintain each woman and men, it’s most popular to maintain them at a ratio of 2:1.

Aquarium Conditions

The tank circumstances for Guppy fish must be in response to the temperature, supplies, and surroundings of their natural habitat i.e. Like freshwaters of South America.

To make them reside healthily, it is very important to create natural surroundings for them inside the tank.

Water temperature and pH

The ideally suited temperature to take care of is 22-28 degrees Celsius. The ideally suited pH ranges from 7.0 to 7.2 whereas, they will survive between 5.5 and8.5 easily.

Guppy Fish Tank Mates

Guppies like to produce other guppies as their tank mates. They keep completely happy and wholesome round their family.

Some different fish that make good tank mates for guppy embrace:

Molly Fish
Gourami Fish
Peaceful tetras
Endlers Guppy
Ghost shrimp
African Dwarf frogs
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The fish who wish to have guppies as their meal or nip at their tails equivalent to Red-tailed sharks, barbs, and aggressive tetras shouldn’t be saved with them.

Guppy Fish Diet and Feed

Guppy is straightforward and easy to feed. The diet and feed of guppy fish ought to embrace each green and meat as guppies are omnivores.

The meat can embrace each resides and frozen meals. Some favourite greens of guppies embrace peas, lettuce, and cucumber.

For reside or frozen meals, guppies like shrimps, tubifex, corethra, and bloodworms. Mosquito larvae are additionally one in all its favourite meals.

The diet of guppy fish can embrace good high-quality fish flakes and pallets. You need to make sure that the meals given to your guppies are high in protein. It should not be filler meals.

Guppies need to be fed 2-Three occasions a day with different meals. Repeating the same meals may cause diet deficiency. Feeding more than Three occasions in 24 hours may also have an effect on their health.

The meals must be given in a small quantity, the one they will eat up in 2-Three minutes. You ought to take away the leftovers from the tank with net as quickly as you see it floating within the tank.

Otherwise, it settles on the backside of the tank and will get rotten.

The fry might be fed with the identical meals nevertheless it must be smaller in size or ideally crushed in order that they will simply have it. You need to feed the fry 4-5 occasions a day with meals having good proteins.

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Guppies are hardy fish. They don’t get ailments typically. Provided the right tank circumstances are met, water is regulated and maintained and a correct diet is offered, the guppy fish should not more likely to get in poor health.

One widespread illness amongst virtually all fish with long tails is the fungal an infection. It is named fin rot. Under this, their fin can rot. Another widespread illness is Ich.

The white spots seem on its body and it’s noticed scraping itself with the objects present within the tank. It is simple to treat each of those ailments with the remedy from the pet retailer and sustaining water high quality.

Guppy Fish Breeding

Guppy is simple to breed. You simply need to place a male and a feminine guppy collectively. Guppy fish reaches its maturity age between three to 5 months.

As quickly because it matures it is able to mate and reproduce. Amazingly, one male can mate with 3-5 females at a time. After they mate, the fertilization process begins and the feminine guppy is able to give start to the reside younger in 21-30 days.

Interestingly, a feminine guppy can have a number of pregnancies from one fertilization over a while. The start provides in a single time can range from 10-200 fry relying on the age and maturity of the feminine. Younger ones produce more than older ones.

As quickly because the fertilization interval begins, the gravid spot i.e. a darkish spot behind anal fin begins getting darker. Towards the end of her being pregnant, the eyes of infants may even be seen by way of her translucent pores and skin.

As guppies can eat their fry, it’s advisable to maintain the feminine guppy in a separate tank when she is giving birth and set up the tank with loads of vegetation in order that the fry can cover. The fry may also be separated as soon as they’re born.

The tank temperature for a fry must be saved from 24-26.5C. You ought to change 25% of the water each week. After 1-1.5 months, the fry begins getting their colours.

Take away

Guppy fish is likely one of the ideally suited fish to be saved, for each inexperienced persons and professionals. They are available in quite a lot of stunning colours, patterns, and tail shapes which look very interesting. Moreover, it breeds amazingly, is simple to feed and take care of.

Anyone who wishes to have loads of colourful fish ought to go for the guppy fish. They make your tank stunning and full of colours. Maintain them nicely and you’ll have completely happy fish shifting round on a regular basis! Read more about red-handfish-Australia.

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