Hypostomus Plecostomus – Care | Tank | Size | Lifespan | Food

Hypostomus Plecostomus
(Last Updated On: April 14, 2021)

Hypostomus Plecostomus could be very popular amongst breeders. Often it’s used as a form of natural cleaner. The fish eat algae with pleasure, scraping them from the aquarium glass. Thanks to it, the tank will all the time stay clear. This species is among the most unpretentious and hardy.

The suckermouth catfish is a member of the suckermouth armored catfish family. It has a strongly arched body and a really giant dorsal fin with one backbone and 7 branched rays. This species has a big, suctorial mouth and is present in canals, creeks, and lakes.


Found in streams all through O‘ahu, together with Kalihi, Mānoa, Wiawa, decrease Kalihi, decrease Kamooalii (Kāne‘ohe), decrease Kawa, and lowest Nuuanu Streams. Also present in Maui in Kanaha Pond.

Hypostomus Plecostomus Description

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 3 – 5. Body quick and sturdy; caudal peduncle not depressed. Upper elements of head and body encased in longitudinal rows of scutes; decrease floor of head and stomach bare.

Hypostomus Plecostomus has an elongated light brown body, lined with bone plates. The head is very large, the eyes are small. The mouth has spikes, which lets you peel off algae on any floor.

The fish is roofed with a lot of darkish spots, this enables it to stay invisible towards the background of stones and fallen leaves on the backside.

It has one jaguar-like pattern which appears very lovely. There are species with a small variety of spots or lack thereof. Usually, males are brighter and bigger than females.

Living in natural circumstances, catfish grows as much as 60 cm. In an aquarium, it may well develop solely as much as 38 cm. As for all times expectancy, people dwell longer within the natural setting. At dwelling, fish can dwell as much as 15 years.

A small particular person will get alongside nicely with its neighbors, solely sometimes “quarreling” with them. Growing Hypostomus Plecostomus turns into illiberal of any encroachment on its territory. He isn’t so nice within the neighborhood with different relations.

Sometimes such a fish doesn’t follow the glass of the aquarium, however on somebody’s back, shifting for a long time across the aquarium, so to talk, on another person’s hump.

Hypostomus Plecostomus Feeding

Algae and plant meals predominate within the diet. However, fish additionally likes to dwell meals. With a scarcity of algae, she will be able to comply with gentle plant species. An aquarium with loads of fouling is required. Artificial top dressing is used when the catfish eat algae quicker than they develop.

Plecostomus can be fed with greens, it can relish with pleasure:


It is preferable to offer meals within the night before turning off the lights.

A small particular person wants An aquarium of 300 liters, an adult fish already wants a quantity of 800-1000 liters. Be positive to put stones and driftwood in order that the catfish can disguise in the course of the day.

Driftwood is necessary for the aquarium for these causes:

algae develop rapidly on them;
they comprise cellulose that promotes regular digestion.


Thanks to the suction cup, catfish simply collects meals from the underside of the aquarium. In the setting, this function permits people to stay inside their range throughout rains, whereas different inhabitants of the reservoir are generally carried by water over long distances.

The Hypostomus Plecostomus can take in oxygen dissolved in air, which is because of the structural options of the gut. Out of the water, this species can stay alive for about thirty hours.

It must also be famous for the wonderful capability to maneuver on the ground by means of the pectoral fins and tail. So these fish travel big distances in quest of an optimum place to dwell when the native pond dries up.

Aquarium Conditions

In common, Keeping Hypostomus Plecostomus doesn’t trigger a lot of hassle. The sole inconvenience is the need for a big tank. Water parameters don’t play a giant function, the principal factor is to look at cleanliness. You need to be ready for the truth that the fish grows quickly.

Hypostomus Plecostomus can leap out of the tank so that you need to cover it with one thing. Due to a considerable amount of waste, high-quality filtration is required. The temperature of the water ought to be inside 19–26 degrees, the really helpful acidity is 6.5–8.zero pH.

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Compatibility with different Fish

Hypostomus Plecostomus is a territorial fish, he doesn’t tolerate different males of his species and might prepare actual fights with relations, perceiving strangers as rivals.

Choosing tank mates, you need to take into consideration their size. Hypostomus Plecostomus will rapidly eat any small fish accessible within the tank. Hypostomus Plecostomus is nicely appropriate with tropical fish like Cichlids, Loaches, Molly Fish, Tiger Barbs, Betta Fish, and different catfish species.

Hypostomus Plecostomus Breeding

Deposits eggs on easy rocks. Eggs are guarded by one or each parent. May deposit eggs in depressions.

Distinguishing a male from feminine isn’t a simple process. Experienced breeders determine males by genital papilla. Under natural circumstances, people breed in burrows alongside the banks of the river.

As for the aquarium, it is vitally tough to breed natural circumstances. Breeding these fish is a hard business, and never everybody can deal with it. This is among the causes for the high value of Plecostomus available in the market.

If the difficulties of breeding and the high worth will not be scary, you need to get this charming fish. A humorous pet will assist maintain the aquarium and convey numerous positive feelings.

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