A giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy) is a species of large gourami native to freshwater habitats in Southeast Asia. This species is commercially important as a food species and is also cultivated. It is available in the aquarium business. The species has been used for weed control, also on highly invasive aquatic plants such as Salvinia molesta, because giant gourami can be an indifferent plant. (source)
It is able to breathe moist air, so it can survive from water for a long time. It is much larger than most gouramis (only other Ospronomus species reach the same size), growing to a maximum size of 70 centimeters (28 inches), though most are only around 45 centimeters (18 inches). In color, it is pale yellow to golden yellow, with silver, pale blue stripes running vertically along its body. Girls can be characterized by their thick lips. Giant gouramis make nests using weeds and leaves.
Distribution and Habitat
The giant glory locally is located in rivers, streams, wetlands, reservoirs and lakes in Southeast Asia, where Thailand’s Chao Freya and Ma Klong from Cambodia and Vietnam down to Mekong, as well as river basins reported on the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sarawak Jawa, Indonesia, and Indonesia. West Kalimanthan. However, due to confusion with other Ospronomus species, the exact range of the natural range is often labeled with uncertainty (which was only scientifically stated in Figures 12 and 9) and due to the widespread manifestation of giant gouramis outside their native range.
For example, both giant mammals and elephant ear gourds are reported from central Mekong, and mammoth mammoths and Asphronimus septumfacius are reported from the Borneo on the Kapus River and the Sarak River basin. However, the median Mekong Records of the giant Gaurami are probably mistaken for the elephant ear gourmis (this is the only place in the Mekong basin where the giant Gaurami is in the south, like the tributaries of the northern Elach Mountains). The presence of giant gouramis in Borneo is probably the result of familiarity. The final species of the genus, giant red tail glory, is confined to Sabah where the other does not occur. This suggests that the different Ospronomus species had essentially allo- or parapatric distributions.
Whether deliberately or by accident, giant gouramis have become widely introduced as food fish. In Asia, it has expanded from southern China to India and Sri Lanka, and is now found in Australia, Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar and elsewhere on other continents. Translated into Southeast Asia probably originated from ancient times. Since a hundred years, this fish species has been considered as the human food in Europe. For example, Georges Cuvier (1769–1832) suggested that it should be introduced into the French colonies.
Aquaria – Tank
Giant glory is also popular in Aquaria. Usually, the tank should have a dark bottom and tightly fitted edges, so that they have room in the center of the tank for swimming. They like other fish companies of similar size and temperament. They are easy to keep about 7.5 cm or 3 long in three months old. At this age, they have a pronounced agility. They can grow quickly with enough food and space to move them.
Even under less than ideal conditions, Gaurami can grow from 7.5 cm to 50 cm in four years. At this age, in addition to the round face, the glory of a mature giant will begin to develop curves just above his eyes. Taiwanese and Malaysians praised the fish with a head known as ‘koloi’ or ‘warship’ found in the western part of the country. The slightly enlarged forehead and long tail of these fish were valued in Taiwanese society for bringing the fate of geology.
Snapping a glory in a community tank will charge it small enough to kill any other fish. Like most aquarium residents, giant gourmands can be grown faster with larger, more passive fish. However, if other fish are added to a tank, large or small, they may die within a short time.
While preferring mussel-based foods, gourmands are turning to herbs, but eating meat-free frozen-dried carnivores with algae-based flake foods, Tubifex and brine shrimps provide proper nutrition in this era of fish. Once significant size, these lemons can be fed, partially or completely. Cooked fibrous or starchy vegetables or fruits may be served for the giant gourami.
Giant glory is an egg layer, and the males will create a bubble nest before hatching. Men and women are separated by different wings and body color. The dorsal fin on the males ends at one point, and the body changes to a thicker, almost black, when blowing. When breeding, water in the tank should be at least 20 cm (8 in) deep and the temperature should be 28 ° C (82 ° F). After spawning, the female should be moved to a separate tank because in males in a captive environment, the eggs will generously protect the eggs, sometimes becoming aggressive toward the female. Boil eggs for 24 hours. They must be kept in a dark aquarium.
Partly as a result of its size, giant gourmands are a significant food fish and have been cut as a prevalent food source in its native region. In Asian cuisine, gourmet is highly regarded as a meal because of its thick flesh, lovely texture and delicious flavor. Unlike carp and milkfish, prairies do not have delicate bones in the meat, which makes them easier to feed, thus increasing their economic value. In the Southeast Asian market, glory is one of the most valuable freshwater fish. Gluttonous meat contains a large amount of protein and minerals.
It is a popular food fish in Indonesian, Malaysian and Thai dishes. The giant gourami is especially popular in Indonesian Sundanese dishes, where they are often fried as Ikan goreng, fried as Ikan goat or cooked as a spice with a banana leaf wrap. In some parts of Southeast Asia, they are saline to preserve and prolong the shelf life.
The giant gourami can weigh up to 27 inches as an adult, with a normal size of about 17 inches or more. They grow very fast. Giant glory is not a PK food. The giant gourami will accept most tropical fish foods in addition to larger pellet-based foods, including cricket, worms, small frogs, small fish, etc.