Agassiz’s dwarf cichlid scientific name Apistogramma agassizii is a beautiful, freshwater ray-finned fish from the cichlid family. Agassizii cichlid lives within the tropical area of South America.
The fish obtained its name in honor of Harvard University professor Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz, who even at an old age (58 years old) managed to make a significant expedition to Brazil, forsaking a major assortment of native ichthyofauna.
Apistogramma Agassizii Overview
Dwarf cichlids have long been an integral part of the aquarium world. Some of essentially the most popular representatives of this group are Apistogramma’s: A small however extremely engaging fish with variegated shade.
In our article, we are going to inform you concerning the appropriate measures of holding Apistogramma agassizii!
Apistogramma agassizii has the widest range of colors and varieties compared with its closest kinfolk. You will discover this fish in numerous locations – from the foothills of the Andes to the confluence of the Amazon River into the Atlantic Ocean.
Living in such totally different circumstances has contributed to the formation of native geographic morphs that differ in shade:
Blue-white (lives on the mouth of the Rio Negro);
Red (higher Amazon, Peru, Colombia). Most common amongst aquarists;
Yellow (neighborhood of the cities of Rio Tefe, Santa Rema).
Apistogramma agassizii is comparatively peaceable and simple to maintain fish. These Apistogramma are glorious decorations for a small tropical aquarium.
For Apistogramma agassizii, taking good care of the offspring is inherent, so you possibly can take into consideration breeding them at residence.
Apistogramma Agassizii Appearance
Apistogramma agassizii has a barely elongated and barely laterally flattened body. The most size of males is eight cm, females are smaller, develop solely as much as 5 cm in size.
Their heads are small, with a terminal mouth and huge eyes.
The caudal fin instantly attracts consideration. Its central ray is elongated, which supplies the tail a diamond form.
To some, it resembles a candle flame. The dorsal fin is effectively developed and runs from head to tail. Its excessive rays are strongly elongated in males.
The fundamental body shade varies from blue to greenish, in some instances yellow-brown. The stomach is orange or yellowish.
A darkish stripe runs alongside the edges of the body. It may be strong or intermittent, typically absent altogether.
Small turquoise spots will not be unusual close to the attention. The fins, apart from the pectorals, are colored red, orange, or blue. The shade of males is way brighter than that of females.
The life span of Apistogramma agassizii in an aquarium is as much as 5 years.
The birthplace of Apistogramma agassizii is the central Amazon. This fish may be present in a large space from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes.
Its range consists of Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, and a number of other different nations.
Apistogramma inhabits varied biotopes, can stay in “white” and “black” tropical water. Most of all it gravitates in the direction of slow-flowing river tributaries, creeks, streams with dense vegetation, and vital leaf litter.
Care and Maintenance
To maintain the Apistogramma agassizii, you need an aquarium with a quantity of 40-60 liters. It is greatest to start small teams of a male and 2-Three females.
Several males can solely be stored in massive aquariums because the fish are territorial and there may be clashes between males.
The substrate may be sand or small pebbles appropriate for rising vegetation. Of the latter, it’s fascinating to plant shade-tolerant species – anubias, cryptocorynes, ferns, and many others.
Apistogramma doesn’t like vibrant lighting; natural shading may be created utilizing floating vegetation – pistia, riccia. It is necessary to create quite a lot of shelters from pipes, grottoes, stones, and snags.
Apistogramma agassizii are delicate to the content of nitrogenous compounds within the water, due to this fact it is very important to guarantee good aeration and filtration within the aquarium.
The movement of water in this case shouldn’t be very highly effective. Apistogramma is thermophilic so that you need a thermostat to take care of a snug water temperature.
It is necessary to alter 20% of the water within the aquarium weekly.
Always use Tetra AquaSafe Conditioner to keep away from sedimenting faucet water and making it protected for fish. Adding one other conditioner, Tetra ToruMin, would even be useful.
It incorporates natural peat extract, which supplies the water slightly “tea” tint and barely acidifies it, which creates circumstances for the fish very near-natural ones.
Optimum water parameters for the content: T = 22-29°C, pH = 5.0-7.0, GH = 1-12.
Feeding Apistogramma agassizii
The natural diet of the agassizii consists, for essentially the most half, of small benthic invertebrates and swimming crustaceans. Despite the small size of the fish, it’s an actual predator.
Therefore, when holding it at residence, it is very important to present your pet with high-quality proteins.
To improve the color of the red and yellow types of the agassizii, you should utilize Tetra Cichlid Color Mini Pellets with a focus of natural carotenoids, which makes your pets even brighter and more engaging.
Be certain to indulge your Apistogramma with Tetra FreshDeica natural treats. Fish will like bloodworms or brine shrimp in a particular nutritious jelly.
Apistogramma ought to be fed in small parts a number of occasions a day.
Apistogramma Agassizii Tank Mates
Apistogramma agassizii is a peace-loving fish, however, at some durations of life, it turns into fairly aggressive.
This is primarily concerning the spawning interval. The feminine and male guarding the nest actively drive away any stranger from it. Therefore, when holding in a standard aquarium, it is very important to have many shelters.
Best Tankmates for Apistogramma agassizii are varied varieties of tetras and different fishes like Neon Tetras, Black Skirt Tetra, Serpae Tetra, Pygmy Corydoras, Pleco Fish, Pencil Fish, Etc.
The Apistogramma agassizii is without doubt one of the few fish that may really feel snug within the neighborhood of discus. In their natural surroundings, the habitats of those fish typically overlap.
Keeping with different varieties of Apistogramma can be possible until you want to breed this species and maintain the breed traits.
Breeding Apistogramma agassizii
Breeding agassizii at house is an extremely thrilling experience. It is in no way tough to search out a few fish.
In mature cichlids, males are a lot bigger, more brightly colored, and their fins are sharply pointed.
Spawning can happen each in a normal and in a separate aquarium. However, within the first case, it ought to be borne in thoughts that Apistogramma through the interval of caring for the nest will likely be fairly aggressive in the direction of tank mates.
Spawning may be stimulated by a slight improvement in water temperature (as much as 25-26 ° C) and big gentle water adjustments. The relationship between female and male may be very attention-grabbing. The male, prepared for spawning, makes a nest.
Usually, it is a gap close to the stone, which he rigorously cleans of particles. Then he chooses a feminine for himself and begins to chase her. If the feminine isn’t prepared for spawning, then the “courtship” of the male can change into an actual downside for her.
The male can chew his fins and actually beat his partner. In such instances, it’s endorsed to maintain the feminine and maintain her for per week or slightly more in a separate container, offering enhanced feeding, till she lastly picks up eggs, which is able to change into noticeable on the thickened stomach.
Breeding Of Apistogramma agassizii
If the feminine is able to start a family, then she accepts the courtship of the male and swims as much as the nest, the place she lays eggs. The fertility of 1 feminine can range from 60 to 200 eggs.
The male instantly fertilizes the eggs. And right here, the roles of the fish can change dramatically. There are frequent instances when the feminine begins to pursue the male, injury his fins.
In this case, it will be prudent to take away him. In some instances, younger feminine Apistogramma can simply eat their offspring. Therefore, it’s higher to not disturb them once more.
Egg incubation takes 3-6 days relying on the water temperature. First, wriggling larvae are born, feeding on the contents of their yolk sac. After a few days, they flip into fry and start to swim freely.
It is greatest to maintain fry at elevated temperatures (28-30 ° C). It is necessary to take care of the high high quality of water, change it each day. Fry that succeeds in growth should be faraway from the smaller ones. Read more about yellow-boxfish-facts-care-sale.