Northern Pike (Esox lucius) – Profile | Traits | Description

northern pike
(Last Updated On: April 13, 2021)

Northern Pike, scientific name, Esox lucius, found in Britain, Ireland, Canada, and most parts of the United States and different states in Canada, such as Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, are a species of assocs (pike). These are typical of the northern hemisphere (such as the Holoractic in distribution) brackish and freshwater.

Pike can grow relatively large: average lengths of 40-55 cm (16-22 inches), maximum 150 cm (59 inches), and weight of 28.4 kg. In Griffin Lake, Germany, October 16 – October 16, has been recognized as the world record-record North Pike.


The Northern pike is mostly olive green, with yellow to white along the stomach. The front has short, light bar-like spots and a few to a few dark spots on the wings. Sometimes, the wings are red.

The young pike has a yellow stripe with a green body; Later, the stripes split into light spots and the body changed from green to olive green.

The lower half of the Northern Pike gill cover lacks scale, and it has large sensory pores on its head and below its jaws that are part of the lateral line system.

Contrary to similar appearance and closely related muskelunge, the body of the northern pike has a light mark on the background and has less than six sensitive pores on each side of the lower jaw.

In hybrids, male Northern Pike is uninterrupted, while wives are often fertile and can back-cross with the parent species.

Another variant of the northern pike, the silver pike is not a subspecies, but rather a mutation in the dispersed population.

Silver pike, sometimes called silver muskelnge, lacks rows of spots and contains silver, white or silver-blue color.

When ill, the Silver Pike is known to show a somewhat purple hue; Chronic illness is also the most common cause of male isolation.

In Italy, the newly identified Northern Pike species of Assocus cispalinus (“southern pike”) has long been considered as a variation of the northern pike but was declared as an individual species in the 20th.

Length and weight

North American pike rarely reach the size of their European counterparts; one of the most known specimens is a 21kg (46 lb) sample from New York.

It was caught in September 1540 by Peter Dubuque in the Great Sacandaga Lake. Many large pike reports have been made, but these are either Northern Pike’s older relatives, the mistaken identity of Mascalenge, or simply not properly documented and included in the Kingdom of Legends.


The Northern Pike is found in cold, clear, rocky water, along with weedy places in the slow stream and in shallow, lakes and reservoirs. They are common aggressive predators.

They wait for prey, remain perfectly fixed for a long time, and show remarkable acceleration when they are hit.

They live in any water body that has fish, but suitable places for spangs are also needed. Due to the narcissistic nature, young pike need places where they can take shelter in the trees so they cannot be eaten.

Both cases require rich submerged plants. The Northern Pike is found in empty water except for the Baltic Sea, where the mouth of the river and open rivers of the Baltic Sea can be found in both glasses of water.

It is normal for Northern Pike to return to freshwater after this period of shaking water. They seem to prefer less wasteful water but this is probably related to the dependence on the presence of the plant.


The Northern pike is a relatively invasive species, especially in terms of feeding. For example, when food sources are scarce, atrocities develop, with a small percentage of the population starting about five weeks.

This brutality occurs when the ratio of the victim to the victim is two to one. One can expect this because when food is scarce, northern pike fights for survival, such as launching a small pike to feed; It is found in other species such as tiger salamanders.

Generally, pike feeds on small fish, such as the banded killifish. However, when the pike is 700 mm (28 inches) tall, they feed on large fish.

Northern Pike suffered a fairly high youth mortality rate due to feminism when food was short. Nocturnalism is more prevalent in the winter months, as the incoming pike has a slower growth rate during that season and may not be able to reach any size to prevent the larger pike.

Low growth and low food situations have the potential for the rise of narcissism. Northern Pike does not discriminate well with siblings, so feminism is more likely between siblings.

Aggression also arises from the need for space. The young pike steals their food by the larger pike. They are aggressive if they don’t provide enough space because the pike is regional.

They use a form of foraging known as ambush throwing. Unlike species such as perch, pike bursts of energy instead of actively pursuing prey.

As such, the victim’s ability decreases with the competition that occurs during a fairly inactive period until they get the victim.

The larger the Northern Pike, the larger the area controlled by that particular pike. An inverse relationship exists with the density of the plants and the size of the pike, due to the possibility of narcissism from the largest pike.

This is understandable since more plants are needed to avoid eating smaller pike. Big Pike does not have this concern and can afford the spectacular luxury of huge lines. They like the habitat of the tree structure.

Northern Pike

Physical behavioral characteristics

Northern Pike is capable of a “fast start” movement, which is a sudden high-energy explosion of unstable swimming. Many other fishes also exhibit this movement.

Most fish use this process to avoid lethal situations. For pike, however, it is a tool used to catch prey from their equipment location.

Northern Pike shook the national explosion and captured their victims. This rapid completion begins when the pike terminal is reached.

During this national pace, Pike conforms to the “S” while swimming at a high rate. To reduce, they simply convert a “C”, significantly reducing their speed so that they can “stop”.

An attractive behavioral feature of pike is that they have short and long feeding periods during digestion. They can burst as fast as possible to collect as many prey as possible.


Northern Pike has a strong homing behavior; They live in certain areas by nature. During the summer, they are closer to the plants than in winter, the exact cause is not clear, but perhaps they need fodder or perhaps breeding to protect the young.

The rhythm of the pike deal changes significantly over the years. On sunny days the pike is very close to the shallow shore.

On a windy day, they are further away from the shore. When near-shore, the pike has a preference for shallow, vegetable areas.

Northern Pike is more stable in reservoirs than in lakes. One possibility is that there is more prey to feed on the lakes, or perhaps the prey in the reservoir will eventually cross paths with the pike.

As such, it can be a form of energy conservation. Pike species in the spring.


The young free-swimming pike feeds on small invertebrates starting with Daphnia and quickly goes on to larger prey, such as isopods Acelas or Gamers.

When the body length is 4 to 8 centimeters (1.6 to 3.1 inches), they start feeding on smaller fish.

Northern Pike has a very common hunting behavior; It enables the last dorsal fin of the dorsal fin and pectoral fin to remain in the water, removing the rays.

Before hitting, it bends its body and darts to the victim, using its reproductive fin, dorsal fin, and a large surface of the anal fin to propel itself.

The Northern Pike has a special habit of holding it in the mouth on the side of the victim, with its sharp, backward-pointing teeth, and then rotating the victim’s headfirst to consume it. It mainly eats fish and frogs, but small mammals and birds are also prone to pike.

The famous English poet Ted Hughes noted in his famous poem “Pike” that the young pike died on the same pike. The northern pike feeds insects and leopards.

They are not very specific and eat shrewd fish such as perch, and if they are the only available prey, they will make the fish as small as a stickleback.

Attempts to eat Northern Pike prey and larger waterbirds have been reported, such as when an incident occurred in 20in when someone tried to drown and try to eat the Great Crest Grab, as well as an earlier year in which a huge invader attacked three to four.

The foot-long pike was hit by an adult mute swan in the Lower Lough Arn, Northern Ireland. E was involved as a possible cause of death, but it is generally believed that such attacks are only a rare occurrence.

The Northern pike is essentially a deserted hunter. It transports during a spanning season, and it follows predatory fish like a common roach in their deep winter quarters.

Sometimes, divers observe groups of pike of the same size that assist some to start hunting at the same time, hence the “Wolfpack” theory.

Large pike die can be caught in unstable fish, so these pikes are thought to move to a larger area rather than to seek food.

Geographical distribution

Asos Lucius is found in freshwater throughout the Northern Hemisphere, including Russia, Europe, and North America.

It has also been introduced to Moroccan lakes and is also found in the salty waters of the Baltic Sea, but they are restricted to low saltwater on the surface of the sea and rarely found in woodland elsewhere.

North America includes Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Minnesota, Minnesota, North Dakota. Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Montana, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Oklahoma, and North Texas.

The Northern Pike reservoirs are the Ohio Valley, upper Mississippi River, and the Pacific, Northern New Mexico, Northern Arizona, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec. Its tributaries and the Great Lakes Basin.

They have been stored or introduced to some western lakes and lakes for sport fishing, though some fisheries managers believe that the practice often threatens other species of fish, such as bass, trout, and salmon, causing government agencies to try to eradicate them. Pike poisoning lakes like Stormy Lake in Alaikara.


Pike Angling is becoming an increasingly popular entertainment in Europe. The effective methods of fishing these hard-fought fish include dead tops, greed fishing, and shaft hats.

They are valued as game fish for their scheduled battles.

Lake fishing for pike off the coast is especially effective in the spring when large pike shrimp in shallow areas and many have to feed other species of obese fish to regain their status after spawning. Small fish are often in the shallows for food.

For severe summers and during the inactive phase, larger female pike retires to deeper water and/or with better cover. Trolling (binding a fairy or a hat on the back of a moving boat) is a popular technique.

The use of float tubes has become a very popular way of fishing for pike in small to medium-sized groundwater.

Fly fishing for pike is another suitable way to catch these fish, and the float tube is now recognized as a particularly suitable watercraft for pike fly-fishing.

They have also been caught using patterns that mimic small fries or invertebrates.

In recent decades, more pike gets back in the water after catching (catching and dropping) but these can easily be damaged while handling.

Handling these fish in dry hands can easily damage their mucous membranes and possibly cause death from infection.

Since they are very sharp and have numerous teeth, care must be taken to unhook the pike. Barbless trebles are recommended for angles for this species, as they make it easy to unhook.

It has been hand-made using long forms, with a 30-cm artery ideal tool clamp.

Holding the pike from the lower jaw will open its mouth. It should be kept out of the water for a minimum period of time, and additional time should be given to recover when weighed and photographed before release.

If a live release is practiced, it is advisable to “catch” the fish while on the boat’s side.

While the Northern Pike is submerged, hold the hook with the needle-nose plus give a flip in the direction that the hook turns from the mouth. This avoids the loss of fish and the stress of being out of the water.

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