The Maroon Clownfish, scientific name Premnas biaculeatus is, without doubt, one of the hottest and iconic reef tank fish. They’re one of many prime 20 hottest saltwater fish species due to their superior maroon pink coloration and three white or gold stripes.
Maroon clownfish facts
In this article, I am going to talk about maroon clownfish size, tank size, anemone, pair, care, lifespan, tank mates, price, and ocellaris clownfish, etc.
There may be added just a few “designer” numbers of this fish accessible from ORA Farms known as Lightning Maroon or Gold Flake.
So far as clownfishes go, P. biaculeatus can get fairly massive, rising as much as about 6 inches, in size, with the feminine clownfish being a lot bigger and extra aggressive than the male.
Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus, is discovered within the Indo-West Pacific, together with the coasts of India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and northern Queensland.
These are hardy fish and are tolerant of average modifications in water chemistry and parameters. Strive, although, to maintain water in steady situations in an effort to present the perfect and most wholesome atmosphere in your tank inhabitants.
As for the tank measurement, a single Maroon Clownfish requires no less than 30-gallons of residing house. It’s best to maintain a pair of fish in a tank that’s 55-gallons, or bigger.
Whatever the measurement of your aquarium, when you add 1-2 maroon clownfishes, they may think about your entire tank to be THEIR TERRITORY–and they’ll defend it!
In the event you’re planning to maintain a pair —you should definitely give them loads of house and ample hiding locations inside the reside rock to permit the male to flee the aggression of the feminine fish that’s a lot bigger than he, otherwise you may simply find yourself with one lonely feminine.
A crucial facet of spinecheek anemonefish habitat is the host anemone. Entacmaea quadricolor, bulb-tentacle sea anemones, are the one host species for spinecheek anemonefish.
This anemone species is characterized by polyps 50 to 400 mm in diameter, relying on depth. They’ve brown tentacles of about 100 mm lengthy with a pink tip and white bulb on the finish of the tentacle.
Spinecheek anemonefish are inclined to reside primarily in solitary specimens of Entacmaea quadricolor on reef slopes.
The standard water depth is lower than 50 m, as a result of anemones requires daylight to develop. The mutualistic zooxanthellae (residing inside the anemone) want this daylight to photosynthesize and supply vitality for themselves and the anemone.
These anemones choose tropical heat waters with a temperature ranging between 25 and 28°C (77-82°F).
Maroon Clownfish Description
Spinecheek anemonefish are among the many best anemonefish to determine, even when younger. They’re vibrant pink with
Three bars which might be vibrant white in males and gray in females. People might turn into vibrant white if they’re provoked. The strains may be vibrant yellow.
Maroon Clownfish Lifespan
MC’s are inclined to reside about 5-7 years, on common. Understand that your particular person fish might not reside a median life—it might die a lot older or youthful—5-7 years is only a rough estimate.
Maroon Clownfish Growth
The developmental levels of spine cheek anemonefish are egg, larvae, younger, and grownup. The clear, elliptical eggs are 3-Four mm in measurement.
Anemonefish hatch with superior alimentary canals and feed on the yolk, which normally lasts for about 3 days. 5 days after hatching they develop supranuclear inclusions across the hindgut, which suggests pinocytotic digestion of protein.
Three to five days after hatching is the interval of the highest mortality stage for anemonefish if they can’t discover meals. It is usually the time once they transition from endogenous to exogenous feeding.
Seven days after hatching they attain gastric glands and by the ninth day they’ve supranuclear vacuoles that point out exogenous digestive capabilities.
Spinecheek anemonefish hatch 6 to 7 days after fertilization, after which endure a 7 to the 14-day pelagic larval stage.
After fertilization, they full the event of the olfactory organ in 19 days, retinal differentiation in 20 days, and skeletal ossification in about 22 days. Spinecheek anemonefish develop extra quickly than different anemonefish species.
Their eyes develop especially quickly. Imaginative and prescient is immediately correlated with the flexibility to realize meals as a result of most larval fish are visible feeders. Olfactory cues are used to detect host anemones.
Throughout the larval stage, spinecheek anemonefish reside on the water floor the place they’re transported by currents.
Metamorphosis happens when anemonefish go away floor waters and swim to the ocean backside. It then takes on the color sample of a juvenile.
This course normally takes about at some point. This marks the start of the settlement interval, through which people hunt down an uninhabited anemone host.
Spinecheek anemonefish, like different anemonefish species, are protandrous hermaphrodites, which signifies that they alter from male to feminine.
Females have gonads that perform as ovaries with leftover male testicular tissue. Within the case of spinecheek anemonefish, males could also be half the scale of females and their gonads have dormant ovarian cells in addition to functioning testes.
Maroon Clownfish Reproduction
Spinecheek anemonefish have a monogamous mating system and mated pairs might keep collectively for a number of years.
The dominant feminine is the biggest and has one associate, which is the following largest male inside a cluster of anemones.
The expansion of different anemonefish in the identical anemone patch is stunted by the presence of a dominant female and male, holding them smaller than the dominant male.
When one or the opposite of the dominant people dies, subordinates develop and substitute the lifeless particular person.
For instance, if the dominant male dies, the following largest male will substitute him and proceed to develop to its most measurement.
Males, earlier than spawning, undergo an intensive ritual of courtship that consists of displaying the dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins. He additionally chases and nips his mate.
Spinecheek anemonefish might spawn all year long in tropical areas. In cooler water, they could spawn throughout the heating season.
Breeding might happen all year long, relying on water temperature.
Within the tropics spawning happens year-round; these in temperate and subtropical waters spawn when the temperatures are highest in summer season and spring.
Range variety of offspring
100 to 1000
Range time to hatching
6 to 7 days
Range time to independence
8 to 12 days
Males care primarily for the eggs. Earlier than spawning, males discover and put together a nest for the eggs.
He cleans the world by eradicating the particles and algae from the world. Often the feminine finally ends up becoming a member of within the job. Throughout incubation the male guards and cares for the nest.
He chases away any potential predators that will need to feast on the eggs, corresponding to wrasses.
Male anemonefish use their pectoral fins to fan the eggs and spend time meticulously eradicating lifeless eggs and particles from the nest with their mouths.
Females will sometimes help males however primarily spend their time feeding.
In the event you plan on holding a pair of those fish in your tank, the standard recommendation (take a look at Wilkerson’s ebook), is to try to pair up a big fish with a small fish.
Clownfishes are protandrous hermaphrodites, which is a flowery, technical time period that explains that they will change gender, in a single path.
All of them begin out as males, however can change gender to turn into the feminine.
The feminine is the bigger and extra dominant of the 2. In the event you introduce two similarly-sized juvenile males, you run the danger that the 2 combat to the dying, or important detriment of the opposite.
If nonetheless, you introduce a big and small fish, the lopsided battle for dominance will extra doubtless be gained swiftly and with much less harm to the dropping male.
In the event, you can set up a pair, without dropping the male, and if you happen to can present them with sufficient house, Maroon Clownfish are stated to be reasonably straightforward to breed.
The eggs and larvae are massive, relative to most different saltwater fish, so they’re on the simpler finish of the spectrum, when it comes to ease of feeding after hatching.
The eggs are tended to by the dad and mom, very similar to a freshwater cichlid would.
The eggs hatch in a couple of weeks, and a wholesome, well-fed pair will spawn on a comparatively routine interval (about 4-6 weeks, though particular person pairs will set up their very own sample.
Courtship takes place about three to five days earlier than really spawning.
As they start their courting ritual, they might clear a rocky space close to the anemone, to offer enough place for the eggs to stick to.
They show an intricate courting dance, together with leaning in direction of one another, touching numerous components of their bodies, or head shaking.
Maroon Clownfish Habits
Spinecheek anemonefish have a social hierarchy through which fish that occupy the identical patch of anemones are ordered in standing by measurement.
Typically there’s a breeding pair after which zero to Four non-breeders.
The biggest is the feminine of the group (highest rank), adopted by the biggest male, who’s a part of the breeding pair. Within the case of the death of the feminine, the second-largest modifications from male to feminine.
Dimension distinction is maintained in an effort to keep away from subordinates turning into a risk to the best rating male.
There may be a median distinction of 10 mm between ranks within the associated anemonefish, Amphiprion percula.
When a dominant anemonefish dies, the following subordinate strikes up within the rank order and grows additional.
Spinecheek anemonefish is lively throughout the day. As soon as they settle onto an anemone as a juvenile, after which grownup, they continue to be in the identical space all through their life.
Key Behaviors natatorial diurnal motile sedentary territorial social dominance hierarchies.
Maroon Clownfish Tankmates
Maroons are some of the aggressive and territorial species of Clownfish. They’re notoriously territorial and must be the final fishes you add to the tank if potential.
By inserting these fishes final, you make them lowest within the pecking order, when it comes to establishing a territory.
In that means, the fish acclimate to your tank and study their place, with established fish within the tank defending their very own territories.
If alternatively, you positioned the Maroon Clownfish first, they might doubtless outline the vast majority of the tank as ‘their territory’ and would aggressively defend their territory in opposition to any international ‘invaders’, whether or not it’s the subsequent fish you add or your hand…when performing routine upkeep.
Maroon Clownfish Dwelling Variation
Spinecheek anemonefish are territorial, defending the world round their host anemone. Often one anemone hosts the breeding pair and Four to five different non-breeding males.
Communication and Notion
Mates talk in courtship via motion and contact. Throughout spawning, females swim in a zig-zag sample over the nest whereas the male fertilizes the eggs. Males additionally “reveals off” their fins to females, a type of visible communication.
Spinecheek anemonefish have a weight loss plan wealthy in copepods and planktonic, larval tunicates.
Additionally, they eat different kinds of plankton and algae.
Maroon Clownfish are fairly straightforward to feed as a result of they aren’t choosy fish. Within the wild, they might primarily eat zooplankton they might discover within the ocean.
Within the dwelling aquarium, they may eat absolutely anything you feed them—flakes, pellets, mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, black worms.
I usually advocate that you simply attempt to feed your fish 2-3 occasions a day, if potential, though it’s actually potential to maintain them comparatively wholesome with a single, sufficiently sized feeding, if life will get in the way in which.
Probably the most susceptible stage for spinecheek anemonefish is throughout the egg and larval stage when they aren’t protected by a number anemone and float freely within the water column.
As settled adults, Entacmaea quadricolor protects these symbiotic fish due to their skill to ship a venomous sting.
Wrasses are recognized to prey on eggs and different fish are doubtless predators of eggs, larvae, and unsettled juveniles.
Spinecheek anemonefish and their host anemones have a mutualist relationship. Entacmaea quadricolor advantages from having spinecheek anemonefish defend them from butterflyfish (Chaetodontidae), which might in any other case eat their tentacles.
Spinecheek anemonefish additionally clear away particles and parasites from the anemone. Spinecheek anemonefish are protected against most predators via their affiliation with venomous anemones.
Financial Significance for People: Positive
Spinecheek anemonefish are essential to the aquarium suppliers who promote them for revenue. These anemonefish, and their relations, are essential ecotourists attracts for diving operations.
Their symbiotic relationship with Entacmaea quadricolor, helps to guard these anemones.
Though spinecheek anemonefish will not be endangered, there are considerations for populations and their reef habitats as a result of “Nemo craze”.
Within the final technology 15 to 30% of the world’s reefs have been misplaced.
After the launch of Disney’s “Discovering Nemo” film, which has an anemonefish as its important protagonist, anemonefish’s gross sales have elevated.
Gathering strategies are sometimes extraordinarily damaging, completely damaging reefs.