Nandus nandus – Gangetic Leaffish Profile, Traits, Facts

Nandus nandus

Nandus nandus, generally often called the Gangetic leaffish, is a species of Asian leaffish native to South Asia and Indochina. They are widespread in slow-moving or stagnant bodies of water, together with ponds, lakes, ditches, and flooded fields.

Other widespread names of the species embrace mottled nandus and dust perch. They are commercially essential and are extremely prized as meals fish. They are additionally caught for the aquarium commerce.

Nandus nandus Profile

Nandus nandus or Gangetic leaffish is a latterly compressed, oval-shaped fish with a curved bottom. The first 12 dorsal rays are spiked. The remaining rays are regular.

The color of the fish varies and is set by the habitat and geographical location of the animal. In common, the color can be greyish to olive with irregular darkish spots.

This Nandus nandus fish has a metallic shine. The mouth is laciniate and could be prolonged. The most size of this fish is 20 centimeters nevertheless most fish don’t get greater than 8 centimeters.

Gender dedication is visually troublesome. According to some keepers males are having bigger fins and are more darkly colored.

Nandus nandus, Gangetic leaffish


The Gangetic leaffish is a standard fish all through South-East Asia, within the space between Pakistan (Indus Valley), India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand. Nandus nandus can be present in rivers, lakes, streams, swamps, and irrigated rice fields. Despite their size, they’re an essential source of meals for the locals.

Nandus nandus Diet

Nandus nandus will solely eat life, transferring meals. Attempts to feed the fish dry meals; flakes or frozen meals are ineffective. If the meals shouldn’t be alive the fish won’t eat it.

Mosquito larvae, crustaceans, or earthworms are high-quality meals for this fish. The Nandus nandus or Gangetic leaffish is a steady predator.

Nandus nandus will hover after which swim alongside scanning each inch of the tank for any motion being potential meals. With its mouth that may be stretched, the prey is being sucked in and if necessary swallowed in a number of turns.

These fish can devour an enormous portion of meals. Earthworms tripling their size are not any drawback for this fish.

Nandus nandus, Gangetic leaffish

Nandus nandus tank

The fish like a rocky or planted tank to stimulate their natural behavior to forage. They could be shy, solely showing at nightfall.

Nandus nandus saved with different fish and with the necessary hideout spots these fish are very lively and can swim by means of the complete tank imperturbable.

Any commotion within the tank will draw them in, hoping to search out startled prey. Too a lot present within the tank shouldn’t be really helpful. Soft acidic water shouldn’t be appreciated.

A number of websites advise including a pinch of salt to the water nevertheless this isn’t appropriate and shouldn’t be achieved. pH is to save between 6.9 and eight; dH 8 to fifteen. The temperature could be between 23 and 27°C.

Nandus nandus, Gangetic leaffish

Nandus nandus Behavior

The Gangetic leaffish is a docile however lively and curious fish. Contrary to different leaffish, Nandus nandus are all the time lively with foraging the tank.

Nandus nandus is a solitary fish however could be saved in a small group. As the fish shouldn’t be a regular swimmer, a smaller tank can suffice. Nandus is rarely aggressive in opposition to different fish. Smaller fish nevertheless due run the prospect of being seen by Nandus nandus as prey.


Adults happen ceaselessly in ditches and inundated fields. Common in summer months when it’s collected from dried-up beds of tanks, beels, bheries, and others.

Found mostly in standing or sluggish waters of lakes, reservoirs, or canals. Feed on aquatic bugs and fishes. A high-prized fish and bought contemporary.


Not a lot is known with regard to breeding this fish in captivity.

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