Yellow Tang Fish – Profile | Care | Facts | Tank Size | Diet

yellow tang fish

The Yellow Hawaiian Tang is for a lot of aquarists, the definitive fish of house saltwater aquariums. With its oval-shaped, vibrant yellow body, Zebrasoma flavescens brightens any marine system.

The Yellow Hawaiian Tang is a lively swimmer that can glide all through your aquarium in close to a fixed movement, performing as an aquarium tour information of kinds to any onlooker who follows its meandering swim path.

In this article, I am going to talk about In this article, I am going to talk about yellow tang fish facts, diet, tank size, description, care, etc.

Yellow tang fish profile

Though iconic to the reefs of Hawaii, the Yellow Hawaiian Tang’s natural habitat is definitely widespread all through the Pacific Ocean so far as Indonesia and the Great Barrier Reef. The Yellow Hawaiian Tang is also called the Yellow Sailfin Tang or Yellow Surgeonfish.

For greatest care, it ought to be housed in an aquarium of at least 100 gallons with ample room to swim. Like different Tangs, this member of the Acanthuridae household demonstrates territorial aggression in the direction of its personal species, or Tangs usually.

Therefore, it’s best to maintain only one Yellow Hawaiian Tang per aquarium, until a number of Yellow Hawaiian Tangs are launched into the system concurrently.

The Yellow Tang is a member of the family Acanthuridae and has a stupendous oval formed body possessing a single pastel-like yellow coloration together with long steady dorsal, anal fins, and crescent tail fins. It has a sharp white razor spur close to the tail, which it makes use of throughout fights and in addition to ascertain itself over different fishes.

Known as a lively swimmer, it would glide by means of the aquarium consuming algae concurrently and at night time it beds down on the reefs or stays rocks with yellow tang fish.

Fairly proof against ailments, the Yellow Tang is comparatively straightforward to take care of. It will be housed in teams of three or more as a shoal, or singly. It is very advisable to have just one Tang to attenuate aggression within the aquarium.

Adult males are typically bigger than females and with their long snout-like mouth they could actually simply feed on algae and seaweeds that suffocate corals. The Yellow Tang has a pointy backbone situated close to its tail, which it makes use of for cover. The Yellow Tang will certainly draw consideration to your private home tank.


Adult fish can develop to 20 centimeters (7.9 in) in size, and 1–2 centimeters (0.39–0.79 in) in thickness. Adult males are typically bigger than females. Yellow tangs are vivid yellow in color.

At night time, the yellow coloring fades barely, and an outstanding brownish patch develops within the center with a horizontal white band. Learn about sea angler fish.

They quickly resume their vivid yellow coloration throughout daylight. It’s necessary to remember, nonetheless, that Yellow Tangs will be aggressive, are susceptible to the fish illness known as “ich,” and should harm coral inside a reef tank.

Male and feminine yellow tang look very related. When mating, nonetheless, males change coloration and have “shimmering” habits that make them identifiable.


In the wild, yellow tangs feed on benthic turf algae and different marine plant materials. In captivity, they’re generally fed meat/fish based on aquarium meals, but the long time period health results of this food regimen are questionable.

However, most specialists within the marine aquarium trade categorical little skepticism that such a properly-rounded and balanced food regimen together with plant and animal materials can be in any manner detrimental to mostly herbivorous fishes like tangs since they nonetheless want every now and then, complicated amino acids and vitamins that solely ocean animals can present. In the wild, yellow tangs present cleaner providers to marine turtles, by eradicating algal progress from their shells.

Although the Yellow Hawaiian Tang will eat meaty meals together with the opposite fish within the aquarium, it is vital the Yellow Hawaiian Tang is obtainable loads of marine primarily based seaweed and algae. This will strengthen its immune system, cut back aggression, and enhance total health.

Offer dried seaweed tied to a rock or use a veggie clip, and feed at least 3 times per week. Sea Veggies, Seaweed Salad, and Ocean Nutrition are all ideal merchandise and are very straightforward to make use of yellow tang fish.

The Yellow Hawaiian Tang is a quite common, extraordinarily widespread, and hardy addition to any fish-only or reef aquarium system for yellow tang fish.

Distribution and habitat

It is often present in shallow reefs, from 2–46 meters (6.6–150.9 ft) deep, within the Pacific Ocean, west of Hawaii and east of Japan. Hawaii is the most typical place for aquarium harvesting, the place as much as 70% of the yellow tangs for the aquarium trade are sourced from.

Over 70% of the yellow tang’s natural vary is protected against assortment and fishing. The yellow tang is listed as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The yellow tang has been recorded in waters around Florida, the place it’s not native-like yellow tang fish.

Colors and Markings

Yellow tang begins life as clear larvae before growing their distinctive slim, oval-shaped, vivid yellow body. They have long snouts and 7 fins together with their spiny dorsal and anal fins. They even have a pointy white backbone on each side of their tails which they’ll use to battle or defend themselves.

Surprisingly, yellow tang really changes coloration over the course of the day. During the sunlight hours, yellow tangs are vivid yellow throughout besides alongside their spines. At night time, their coloration adjustments to a darkish, grayish-yellow with a white lateral stripe (typically known as a “nocturnal stripe”).

The yellow tang is roofed in mucus, which it secretes from its pores and skin. The mucus kinds a protecting layer that retains away parasites and bacteria. The mucus additionally makes the yellow tang’s body much less proof against the water, so it could actually swim sooner.

Sexual Differences

Male and feminine yellow tang look very related (although the feminine is usually bigger than the male). When mating, nonetheless, males change coloration and have “shimmering” habits that make them identifiable.


Breeding of the Yellow Tang

In the wild, yellow tang journey alone or in free colleges, and spawn across the time of the complete moon. The yellow tang is group spawners, however, this can be very tough to breed these fish in captivity.

Only since 2015 have researchers managed to maintain a gaggle of juvenile yellow tang alive previous to the larval stage. This achievement has important potential for growing the provision of pet yellow tang.

In the aquarium

The yellow tang may be very generally stored as a saltwater aquarium fish. In 2015, researchers efficiently bred them in captivity. Captive-bred yellow tangs are actually routinely out there for buy at fish shops and online distributors.

Other species of tangs have additionally been efficiently bred in captivity. They can develop as much as eight inches (20 cm) within the wild, however are launched to aquariums within the 2″ to 4″ vary. Some specimens as giant as 6″ are sometimes out there. Life expectancy within the wild can exceed 30 years.


In normal, this fish does get alongside properly with different fishes in an aquarium, however, it may be aggressive in the direction of different yellow tang and surgeonfish if they aren’t launched into the aquarium at the identical time for yellow tang fish.

If your tank measurement will help you embody a number of those fish, you’ll be entertained by their lazy “comply with the chief” patterns in and thru stay rock preparations.

Yellow tang will be included in a marine reef tank setup, but do maintain a detailed eye on them. While they do graze on algae (which can assist maintain the coral clear), they could additionally harm some species of coral. Aggressive habits may also be a problem.

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Yellow Tang Care

Yellow tang want loads of area (tanks ought to be over 50 gallons) and to discover each part of the tank. It is a hardy, sturdy fish and is pretty straightforward to take care of. However, it’s a fish that’s susceptible to contracting saltwater ich ailments (white spot and blackspot kinds ) and probably HLLE (head and lateral line erosion).

The ich issue makes it a lower than preferred selection for a newbie simply beginning or biking a tank as a result of stress is drastically associated with those ailments. Use warning when dealing with this fish, because the white razor spur close to the tail space may be very sharp and may trigger cuts or harm the yellow tang fish.

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