The banded gourami, or striped gourami or big gourami scientific name Trichogaster fasciata is a tropical labyrinth perch present in some Asian international locations like Bangladesh, Eastern India, Northeastern India, Nepal, Higher Myanmar, China, and Pakistan.
In this article, I am going to give an overview of Banded Gourami fish, size, identification, care, care sheet, aggressive, Bangladesh, giant Banded Gourami, etc.
Banded gourami Profile
Trichogaster fasciata, banded gourami is the most important gourami in its genus.
It’s an air-breathing fish, in order that the aerial respiration is carried out with the assistance of a pair of supra-branchial chambers, every containing an advanced labyrinthine organ.
The body of the banded gourami is elongated and compressed. The mouth is small and barely protrusible.
Preorbital serrate is present in younger banded gourami fish. Body color is greenish with indirect orange or bluish bars descending downwards and backward from the again to the anal fin.
It’s benthopelagic and prefers weedy environments resembling estuaries, ponds, giant rivers, ditches, lakes, and rice fields.
The banded gourami species has drawn consideration for its delicious style, contribution to vitamin, and its decorative worth as an aquarium fish.
It’s considerably shy however fairly hardy and simply adapts to life in a group aquarium. It is usually simple to breed in captivity.
Banded gourami is being exported to Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA attributable to their distinctive color.
Prior to now, the species was available in freshwater swimming pools, ponds, ditches, marshes, rivers, lakes with vegetation, however, the pure sources of this fish are declining quick attributable to varied anthropogenic stressors.
Banded gourami Feeding behavior
The mouth of this banded gourami species is bordered by thick lips, the higher being protrudable and extra pronounced within the male.
Small and feeble teeth are current within the mouth and buccal cavity. The gut is lengthy and coiled.
The fish is omnivorous in nature, to allow them to feed on stay, frozen and flake feeds
Banded gourami Brief description Morphology
Dorsal spines (complete): 15 – 17; Dorsal smooth rays (complete): 9-14; Anal spines: 15-18; Anal smooth rays: 14 – 19; Vertebrae: 27.
Body of the banded gourami elongate and strongly compressed. Mouth small, barely protrusible; higher lip papillose, particularly in outdated males.
Preorbital serrate in the younger specimen. Colour greenish with indirect orange or bluish bars descending downwards and backward from the again to the anal fin.
Vertical fins with alternating darkish and pale spots or bars; the anal fin typically with a pink margin.
Banded gourami Behavior and Compatibility
Appropriate for many peaceable group tanks however it may be a bit aggressive when spawning.
Males will struggle amongst themselves in smaller tanks.
Hold it with inoffensive species that don’t resemble it an excessive amount of.
Shoals of rasboras, danionins, and barbs work properly, as do loaches and smaller Bagrid catfish. In a giant tank, you might hold it as a part of a group of gourami species.
One to keep away from although is the Thick-lipped Gourami, Colisa labiosa, as the 2 species can hybridize.
Banded gourami Care
This isn’t a really vigorous species. To see it at its finest hold it in a quiet, closely planted tank with loads of floating vegetation to supply shade.
Add some items of driftwood and twisted branches for the additional cowl, and use a darkish substrate if doable.
Hold water motion to a minimal, as neither fish nor vegetation will admire any robust currents.
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH vary: 6.0 – 7.5; dH vary: 4 – 15. Tropical; 22°C – 28°C
Asia: Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and upper Myanmar. Extensively transported around the globe
Males are way more vibrant than females and develop pointed dorsal and anal fins when they’re mature.
Banded gourami Reproduction
The whole life span of this species is roughly Four years. Banded gourami has three distinctive life levels: pre-spawning (January–March), spawning (April–August), and post-spawning (September–December).
They grow to be sexually mature at 1 year of age with the whole size of females and males reached roughly 10 cm and 6–Eight cm, respectively.
Usually, males are barely bigger in measurement than their females.
Female and male banded gourami broods are distinguished by inspecting the gonads and primarily based on the exterior morphological options:
the higher lip of the male is extra pronounced and the dorsal-ventral fins are extra pointed on the posterior finish than these of the feminine.
Like different Anabantoids, this species is a bubble nest builder and the fertilization is exterior.
Like many Anabantoids, it’s a bubble nest builder. Arrange a separate tank for spawning functions. This could include shallow water of not more than 6-8″ in depth.
Add loads of floating vegetation and in addition some clumps of fine-leaved species to supply cowl for the feminine.
Water motion needs to be averted. Both use an air-powered sponge filter effervescent gently in a nook or depart it out altogether.
Different parameters aren’t vital, supplied they’re inside the limits prompt above.
The tank ought to have the tightest-fitting cowl you’ll find (some breeders use clingfilm as an alternative, to make sure no gaps) because the fry wants entry to a layer of heat, humid air.
Without this, the event of the labyrinth organ may be impaired.
It’s finest to maintain the sexes aside within the few weeks main as much as a spawning try.
It will keep away from any undesirable spawns and can shield the feminine from the male until she is in the situation.
Feed them with numerous stay and frozen meals throughout this era.
When the feminine is noticeably spherical with eggs, switch her to the spawning tank.
Add the male a few days later. He ought to start to accentuate in color virtually instantly and begin work on a big bubble nest among the many floating vegetation.
This may be a number of inches in diameter. He’ll show to the feminine always as he goes. If she is responsive, she is going to strategy the nest to spawn with him.
Spawning happens underneath the nest of the banded gourami within the typical anabantoid embrace, the male wrapping his physique around his mate.
Because the eggs are launched, they begin to sink. They’re instantly gathered within the male’s mouth and spat into the nest.
A number of extra spawnings happen, with between 500-1000 eggs being produced. As soon as spawning has ended, the male takes duty for guarding and tending the brood.
He turns into illiberal of his mate at this level, and he or she needs to be far away from the tank for her personal security.
The male banded gourami then tends to the nest till the eggs hatch. This occurs shortly, in round 24-36 hours. He can then even be eliminated.
The fry grows to be free swimming in one other three days or so.
They’re very small and need to be fed infusoria or liquid fry meals for the primary week or so.
After this, they’re giant sufficient to just accept brine shrimp nauplii, micro worm, and powdered flake.
You’ll want to hold the tank very properly lined all through the preliminary levels, in order that the labyrinth organ can develop correctly.
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