Black Carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) – Profile | Facts

Black Carp Fish
(Last Updated On: April 13, 2021)

Black carp fish, scientific name, Mylopharyngodon piceus, or Black Chinese Roach are one species of cyprinid fish and the only species of the genus Mylopharyngodon. It is found in lakes and rivers of East Asia, ranging from the Amur Basin to China to Vietnam.

Black Carp Profile

It is widely cultivated for food and Chinese medicine. The black carp can reach 1.8 meters (5.9 feet) in length and 35 kg (77 pounds) in weight.

It usually feeds on snails and oysters. The average length is 60-120 cm (23.5–47 in). Carp Black, Bighead, Silver, and Grass Carp, together with China, have been producing the culturally important “four famous indigenous fish” used in Chinese polyculture for over a thousand years, and are known in the United States as “Asian carp.” Black Asian carp are not as common as the other three.

In China, black Asian carp is one of the four most respected and expensive bowls of cereal in the four domestic fish, and partly because of its diet and limited dietary supply, is the rarest and most expensive in the market.

Black carp are blackish-brown fish with gray-winged black hair and a long and long narrow body. They are usually over 3 feet in length and can weigh, on average, 33 pounds. Separation of young grass carp (Stenopherogodon idella) with young black carp is another indigenous species difficult.

As an adult Black Asian Carp, eating habits change to mollusks, crustaceans, aquatic insects, and fish eggs. They have strong teeth that enable them to grind oyster shells, eat soft parts and spit the shell. A 4-year-old black carp is capable of eating 3 to 4 pounds of oysters daily.

Black Asian Carp 1 was first imported to the United States during the decade and was used in the 1990s to control pond snails in several southern state fish farms. Black carp escaped from a Missouri fish farm in the Osage River during a major flood on April 7.

Black Asian Carp is a good fish to eat. However, if you do not like fish flavors, you may need to prepare it properly. Carp is a staple of diet throughout the world. Overall, it is a great food fish and can be prepared in a variety of ways.

Black carp in the United States

The nature of the black carp diet led to its use in the control of aquaculture snails in America. Snails are a mandatory alternative host of traumatode pests that can cause substantial damage to aquatic crops.

Some state aquaculture laws require carp to breed as triploids, disinfect them, thus reducing the chances of fish escaping and creating a healthy population. However, triploid production requires the maintenance and use of fertile diploid broodstock in at least some places for triploid production.

No state can allow the release of black carp, disinfectant, or otherwise. But a U.S. Geological Survey says that more than 60 confirmed black carp have been caught in the Mississippi River basin.

The rivers where Carp Black have been caught include White in Arkansas, Atchafalia in Louisiana, and Red and Kaskaskia in Illinois, and the Black River from Illinois includes a confirmed occurrence of black carp on the Osage River in Missouri, but other escapees are possible, mostly because the catch is possible.

The southern Mississippi basin was far from this place. Most of the Carp Black seized have been considered diploid and fertile.

Twenty-two diplomats were caught intervening at Butte Hill, Missouri, which confirmed the natural breeding of this species in the wild. In Louisiana, many more reports by fishermen who were knowledgeable about their capture could not be verified by biologists.

Black carp are considered a serious threat to molluscs living in the United States, many of which are critically endangered. In 2007, black carp was listed as a “endangered species” under the Lace Act.

Therefore, in most cases, it is illegal to transport live black carp, sterile or fertile, either to the United States or the state line. In states where legal, black carp may still be.

Black Carp Fish

Black carp fish farming

Black carp fishing is not very popular as with other carp fish species. Although commercial black carp fishing can be a very good and profitable business. And the commercial culture of this fish is slowly becoming popular, especially in some South Asian countries.

Black carp fish are available from the lakes and rivers of East Asia, gradually from the Amu Basin to Vietnam. And in China, black carp fishes are widely cultivated for food and medicine. Black cart fishing is popular there.

Black carp are not stored alone in fish ponds. Rather it is stocked with other carp species such as large head carp, silver carp, and grass carp fish. However, black carp fish does not extend around the world like the other 3 carp fish species.

Black carp fish body reaches 1.8 meters in length and can reach a bodyweight of about 35 kg. And fish are commonly fed on snails and oysters and are a famous fish used in polyculture in some Asian countries.

How to start cultivating black carp fish

Commercial black carp fish farming can be very profitable and can create a very good income opportunity for the unemployed. It is very easy to start cultivating black carp fish and it is just like starting other carp fishing farms. Here we are describing the steps to start a commercial black carp fish farming business soon.

Site selection

First of all, you need to select a very good site to start a black carp fish farming business. Try to select the site away from the residential area and which is free from all kinds of noise and pollution. However, you can start a black carp fish farming business in your existing pond.

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Pond construction and size

After selecting a good site, you need to create a pond on it. Typically soil ponds are considered good for starting a black carp fish farming business. And the pond should be at least one acre for commercial production. Small-scale concrete or plastic ponds are not good for commercial black carp fish farming business.

Pond preparation

Preparing the pond and preparing it is crucial for starting a Krishna Carp fish farming business. Apply lime and organic and inorganic fertilizers to the pond. Consult an aquatic expert in your area or a fishery for better recommendations.

Seed Collection

Black carp fish seeds should be easily found in hatcheries where this fish is found. You can collect from any hatchery near you.

After collecting seeds, you need to raise the fingerings for 20-30 days in the nursery pond or until they reach about 15 cm in length or their length.

In the original pond reserves

After raising the fingers in the nursery pond, they will be ready to store in the original pond. Usually, the fingers, which are 15 cm in length, are stocked in the original pond. As we mentioned above, black carp fishes are stocked with other carp species. And you can store a total of 25,000 to 30,000 fish in an acre pond.


Black sugar fish are commonly fed with snails and oysters. The larvae feed on zooplankton, and then on ostracods and aquatic insects. Although there are commercial fish feeds available to feed black carp fish today.


Both total carpet or selective harvesting is practiced for collecting black carp fish. Several netting is usually done before the total drain-down of the pond.


Black carp fish is usually live and fresh on the market. So after the harvest try to send the fish to the market as soon as possible.

These are common ways to start and manage the Black Carp Fish Farming business.

Black carp invasive species

  • Large size – Can reach 6 feet in length and 150 pounds in length
  • Prolonged, chronic shrinking body
  • Grading from gray to almost white belly gray to blackish-brown brand
  • Flathead with an anterior (front) portion
  • Young people are very similar to grass carp (another invasive species) but they have teeth.

A threat to the great lake!

Black carp feeds on mollusks and snails, which consume 20% of their body weight daily.

If they are established on the Great Lakes, black carp could be a major threat to Michigan’s native oyster population, many of which are endangered, threatened, in need of special concern or protection.

Black carp will compete with native food-eating molluscs, including freshwater drums, redhorse species, and the threat of state lake lakes for limited food companies.

Habitat: Large rivers and lakes, but larger rivers are needed for breeding (water currents keep their eggs from sinking to the bottom).

Diet: Their diet consists mainly of oysters and snails, but also includes freshwater shrimp, crayfish, and insects.

Native Range: China, part of East Russia, probably North Vietnam.

US Delivery: Reported in Arkansas, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri

Possible ways of getting acquainted with: Flooding with the Illinois River or Great Lakes waters.

Other Names: Chinese Black Carp, Black Amur, Chinese Roach, Snail Carp, Black Chinese Roach

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