Elops Saurus – Ladyfish – Profile | Diet | Habit | Size | Habitat

Elops Saurus

Ladyfish, the scientific name Elops Saurus can also be generally utilized to different marine fishes, together with the bonefish (q.v.). The Spanish ladyfish, or pudiano (Bodianus rufus), is a pink and gold wrasse of the family Labridae.

Elops Saurus  profile

Ladyfish, additionally known as Ten-pounder, (Elops saurus), primarily tropical coastal marine fish of the family Elopidae (order Elopiformes), associated with the tarpon and bonefish.

The ladyfish is slender and pikelike in kind and coated with effective silver scales; there are grooves into which the dorsal and anal fins may be depressed.

A predatory fish, the ladyfish has small, sharp enamel and a bony throat plate between its mandibles. It ranges in size as much as 90 cm (35 inches) and will weigh as much as 13.6 kg (30 pounds). The younger are clear and eellike.

The Elopidae is a family of ray-finned fish containing a single residing genus Elops. They are generally known as ladyfish, skipjacks, jack-rashes, or tenpounders.

The ladyfish are a coastal-dwelling fish discovered all through the tropical and subtropical areas, sometimes venturing into temperate waters.

Spawning takes place at sea, and the fish larvae migrate inland coming into brackish waters.

Their meals are smaller fish and crustaceans (shrimp). Typically all through the species, the maximum dimension is 1 m (3.3 ft) and the utmost weight 10 kg (22 lb).

The body is fusiform (tapering spindle form) and oval in cross-section; being barely laterally compressed, and the eyes are massive and partially coated with adipose eyelids.

Like these of eels, the larvae are leptocephalic – being extremely compressed, ribbon-like, and clear. After initial growth, they shrink after which metamorphose into the adult kind.

This family is fished, however, our bodies are bony, so these fish aren’t marketed broadly for consumption. They are caught and used as bait or could also be floor down for a fish meal.

The name comes from the Greek ellops – a sort of serpent.


Like different species in its genus, the ladyfish has a long, slender, rounded body coated with silvery scales. Its mouth is terminal and the tail is deeply forked. The species may be distinguished by counting the variety of gill rakers and vertebrae.

Geographical Distribution

The ladyfish occurs within the western North Atlantic Ocean from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, and south to Brazil.

The ladyfish can also be discovered within the waters surrounding Bermuda. It is mostly noticed south of North Carolina. The ladyfish have been noticed in the western Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.


The ladyfish has an elongated, slender silvery body, with a blue-green back and small scales. It seems to be very very like a juvenile tarpon, though it may be distinguished from a tarpon by the shortage of an elongated final ray on the dorsal fin. Its head is small and pointed, the mouth is terminal, and the tail is deeply forked.

Elops Saurus Size

Some species of ladyfish may reach weights from 15 pounds to 24 pounds and a size of three ft; such specimens are extraordinarily uncommon, and typically these fish mostly weigh 2 to three kilos. The all-tackle world file is a 6-pounder.

Elops Saurus Life history

These fish kind massive colleges near shore, though they’re recognized to spawn offshore. Their ribbon-like larvae are similar to these of bonefish and tarpon.

Food and feeding habits

Adults feed predominantly on fish and crustaceans. Ladyfish schools are sometimes seen pursuing bait on the floor.

Elops Saurus

Importance to Humans

When hooked, the ladyfish yields good sport to the light-tackle angler. This species is thought for his or her behaviors of skipping alongside the water floor and leaping after being hooked.

Although ladyfish is marketed recently, salted, and frozen, it’s thought of as having little worth as meals because of the meat being bony and dry. There is not any business fishery for this fish.


The estuaries and coastal mangroves and marshes which might be utilized as nursery grounds by larval and juvenile ladyfish are closely impacted by growth actions.

The IUCN is a worldwide union of states, governmental businesses, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation standing of species.

Elops Saurus Habitat

This species is often present in brackish water lagoons and bays, in addition to mangroves, tolerating a variety of salinities. Occasionally this fish is discovered a number of miles offshore.

The ladyfish prefers open water areas in channels with reasonable currents, and shallow bars and eddies at bends in rivers. It lives to depths of 160 ft (50 m).

As a thermophilic fish, the ladyfish have been reported in cold-related fish kills in Florida. It can tolerate low temperatures for brief durations of time. Collections of this fish have been profitable at temperatures starting from 52-95°F (11-35°C).

Elops Saurus Biology

As different members of the Elopidae, the ladyfish is a pelagic fish that spawns within the sea, however little is thought about this marine part. The larvae, which are clear and laterally compressed, are dispersed inshore and enter embayments, the place they dwell for two to three yr.

The juveniles are euryhaline, or tolerant to a variety of salinity, so these embayments could also be low-salinity estuaries or hypersaline lagoons. Subadults transfer into the decrease reaches of the embayments, and upon maturation, proceed to offshore, marine habitats.

Elops Saurus Reproduction

Ladyfish spawning happens in offshore places all through the year. Off the coast of Florida, spawning is believed to happen in the course of the fall months. Neither the eggs nor yolk-sac larvae have been described for the ladyfish. The metamorphosing larvae and juveniles have been discovered inshore in estuarine habitats.

However, it’s recognized that the larvae endure dramatic modifications in body kind accompanied by two periods of size enhance, interspaced with an interval of size lower.

Stage I is the preliminary interval of size enhance. The larvae on this stage are characterized by a long, ribbon-like, colorless, clear body with massive fang-like teeth, a small head, and really small fins.

They lack gills and pink blood cells and have an intestine that isn’t open. Oxygen and vitamins for the larvae are absorbed via the pores and skin. The conclusion of Stage I outcomes with the event of the totally formed leptocephalus larvae. The maximum size is about 40-45mm throughout Stage I.

During Stage II, the larvae lower markedly in size and step by step lose ribbon-like leptocephalic morphology. Late in State II, and all through Stage III, the larvae endure pronounced modifications in the body, together with decreases in body depth, snout size, dorsal and anal fin heights, and pectoral fin size.

The larvae shrink to about 18-20mm. Stage III is the second interval of size enhance that terminates with the start of the juvenile stage. At a dimension of 30-35mm, the larvae metamorphose into juveniles.

Other Recommended Reading

Elops Saurus Predators

Larger fish and carnivorous zooplankton could prey upon the ladyfish eggs and juveniles. Adult ladyfish are inclined to piscivorous birds, sharks, porpoises, and alligators.


A cestode parasite, Rhynchobothrium bulbifer, has been discovered within the viscera of the grownup ladyfish. Trematodes of the genera Bucephalus and Prosorhynchus have been reported from the intestines of the ladyfish.


This species makes use of estuarine areas and hypersaline lagoons; modifications within the high quality of those habitats could have an effect on this species’ inhabitant’s dynamics. Although this species might not be carefully related to any single habitat, it could be adversely affected by growth and urbanization. Learn more about arapaima gigas.

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